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OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesis that identical twins show no inter-twin differences in cardiovascular structure or physiology in fetal life unless there has been twin-twin transfusion syndrome. DESIGN Unselected prospective case-control observational study of fetoplacental haemodynamics including echocardiography at a median of 24 (16.7 to 32.3) weeks,(More)
Repaired tetralogy of Fallot (rTOF) has an excellent long-term prognosis; however, survival is somewhat less than normal. Of all the residual lesions and sequellae after rTOF, pulmonary regurgitation (PR) is the most important, correlating with right ventricular (RV) size, exercise intolerance and serious ventricular arrhythmias. Pulmonary valve replacement(More)
OBJECTIVE Sildenafil is a selective Phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor that has been reported to be a potent pulmonary vasodilator. We evaluated the safety, efficacy and pharmacokinetics of oral Sildenafil in a case series of children with pulmonary hypertension. METHODS Three children, 1 with primary pulmonary hypertension (patient 1) and 2 with pulmonary(More)
This manuscript reports on two very low birth weight premature infants with respiratory distress, receiving parenteral nutrition and broad-spectrum antibiotics for about 3 weeks, who developed Candida albicans sepsis associated with fungal mycoses and endocarditis, despite treatment with Amphotericin B and Caspofungin. On days 40 and 47, respectively,(More)
BACKGROUND In twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS), the donor and recipient fetus are exposed to differing volume loads and show discordant intertwin vascular compliance in childhood despite identical genotype. We hypothesized that discordance is prevented by intrauterine endoscopic laser ablation of placental anastomoses, which abolishes intertwin(More)
Sildenafil, a selective phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor, was administered orally to a 14-year-old girl with primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH) at a dose of 0.5 mg/kg/4 h on a daily basis, increased to doses of 1 and 2 mg/kg at monthly intervals. Following therapy, oxygen saturation increased and exercise capacity improved significantly, but with no change(More)
OBJECTIVES Postnatal growth in children exposed in utero to tobacco smoke is not well understood. This study investigated growth during the first 6 years in children whose mothers smoked during pregnancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS Weight, length, and head circumference were measured annually for 6 years in 100 children in each group of smoking (study) and(More)
BACKGROUND Only a few studies have examined the relationship of plasma BNP levels and congenital heart disease (CHD) in neonates and these mainly concern preterm neonates with patent ductus arteriosus. We aimed to investigate the diagnostic role of plasma BNP in neonates admitted in the neonatal intensive care unit, (NICU), with signs of congenital heart(More)
BACKGROUND The early postnatal cardiovascular consequences of intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) have not been completely elucidated. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of IUGR on neonatal myocardial function and cardiovascular adaptation to extrauterine life. METHODS Conventional and tissue Doppler echocardiographic parameters were compared on(More)
Smoking during pregnancy causes intrauterine growth retardation, but the subsequent growth of these children is not well understood. Two hundred four newborns of mothers who smoked during pregnancy and 204 control neonates were studied. Children were re-examined at 1 and 2 years. Newborns of mothers who smoked 1-9 cigarettes/day had similar anthropometric(More)