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BACKGROUND Current therapies for chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) in HIV co-infected patients have a low success rate and are poorly tolerated. We have evaluated the efficacy and safety of interferon alfa-2b (IFN) + ribavirin (RBV) versus pegylated interferon alfa-2b (PEG-INF) + RBV. METHODS Randomized, single-centre, open-label clinical trial including(More)
BACKGROUND Stavudine (d4T)-containing regimens are associated with a potential for lipoatrophy and dyslipidaemia. We assessed the safety and efficacy of reducing the dose of stavudine compared with switching to tenofovir or maintaining the standard dose of d4T. METHODS Clinically stable HIV-infected patients receiving antiretroviral therapy containing(More)
BACKGROUND A proportion of patients who spontaneously control viral load (controllers) experienced clinical progression. We hypothesized that microbial translocation would independently determine the rate of disease progression in controllers. METHODS sCD14, lipopolysaccharide-binding protein (LBP) and EndoCab levels were assessed in 114(More)
BACKGROUND Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) controllers have the striking ability to maintain viremia at extremely low or undetectable levels without antiretroviral treatment. Even though these patients have been widely studied, information about clinical outcomes, especially concerning to non-AIDS-defining events (nADEs), is scarce. We have analyzed the(More)
BACKGROUND Since the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), the incidence of death in HIV-infected patients has dramatically decreased, and causes of death other than those related to HIV infection have increased, although it is unclear how these parameters compare with those in the age-matched general population living in the same(More)
BACKGROUND To investigate the safety and immunogenicity of a modified vaccinia virus Ankara vector expressing HIV-1 antigens from clade B (MVA-B), a phase-I, doubled-blind placebo-controlled trial was performed. METHODS 30 HIV-uninfected volunteers at low risk of HIV-1 infection were randomly allocated to receive 3 intramuscular injections(More)
A double-blinded, controlled study of vaccination of untreated patients with chronic human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection with 3 doses of autologous monocyte-derived dendritic cells (MD-DCs) pulsed with heat inactivated autologous HIV-1 was performed. Therapeutic vaccinations were feasible, safe, and well tolerated. At week 24 after first(More)
BACKGROUND Pre-eclampsia and/or fetal death have increased sharply in HIV-infected pregnant women receiving HAART. METHODS The occurrence of pre-eclampsia or fetal death was analysed in women who delivered after at least 22 weeks of gestation for all women (January 2001 until July 2003) and for HIV-infected women (November 1985 until July 2003). RESULTS(More)
OBJECTIVES A warning advising a higher risk of hepatotoxicity in antiretroviral-naive patients starting a nevirapine-containing combination antiretroviral therapy (NcART) has been issued by health authorities. It is unclear whether this higher risk also applies to stable virologically suppressed patients starting NcART. METHODS We performed a(More)
Combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) greatly improves survival and quality of life of HIV-1-infected patients; however, cART must be continued indefinitely to prevent viral rebound and associated disease progression. Inducing HIV-1-specific immune responses with a therapeutic immunization has been proposed to control viral replication after(More)