Agata A. Exner

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Radiofrequency ablation has emerged as a minimally invasive option for liver cancer treatment, but local tumor recurrence is common. To eliminate residual tumor cells in the ablated tumor, biodegradable polymer millirods have been designed for local drug (e.g., doxorubicin) delivery. A limitation of this method has been the extent of drug penetration into(More)
In situ forming implants (ISFIs) have shown promise in drug delivery applications due to their simple manufacturing and minimally invasive administration. Precise, reproducible control of drug release from ISFIs is essential to their successful clinical application. This study investigated the effect of varying the molar ratio of different molecular weight(More)
Recent advances in drug delivery techniques have necessitated the development of tools for in vivo monitoring of drug distributions. Gamma emission imaging and magnetic resonance imaging suffer from problems of resolution and sensitivity, respectively. We propose that the combination of X-ray CT imaging and image analysis techniques provides an excellent(More)
Ultrasound elastography (UE) has been widely used as a “digital palpation” tool to characterize tissue mechanical properties in the clinic. UE benefits from the capability of noninvasively generating 2-D elasticity encoded maps. This spatial distribution of elasticity can be especially useful in the in vivo assessment of tissue engineering scaffolds and(More)
We report on the role of hexamethylene-bis-acetamide-inducible protein 1 (HEXIM1) as an inhibitor of metastasis. HEXIM1 expression is decreased in human metastatic breast cancers when compared with matched primary breast tumors. Similarly we observed decreased expression of HEXIM1 in lung metastasis when compared with primary mammary tumors in a mouse model(More)
Pluronic has been shown to sensitize various tumor cell lines to chemotherapy and hyperthermia by altering the membrane fluidity, depleting ATP, and modulating the heat shock protein 70 expression. In our prior work, Pluronic was also used to formulate nanosized ultrasound contrast agents. In the current study we evaluate the use of these contrast agents as(More)
Diagnostic ultrasound has been shown to be an effective method for the noninvasive characterization of in situ forming implant behavior both in vivo and in vitro through the evaluation of the echogenic signal that forms as a consequence of the polymer phase transition from liquid to solid. The kinetics of this phase transition have a direct effect on drug(More)
A mathematical model of drug transport provides an ideal strategy to optimize intratumoral drug delivery implants to supplement radiofrequency (RF) ablation for tumor treatment. To simulate doxorubicin transport in non-ablated and ablated liver tumors, a one-dimensional, cylindrically symmetric transport model was generated using a finite element method(More)
The demand for biomaterial-based technologies is increasing at a rapid pace, especially in light of the aging worldwide population. As biomaterials evolve from purely replacement parts to more sophisticated, multifaceted systems incorporating various biological, chemical and mechanical components, the cost and time required to complete the product(More)
Development of hydrogel-based tissue engineering constructs is growing at a rapid rate, yet translation to patient use has been sluggish. Years of costly preclinical tests are required to predict clinical performance and safety of these devices. The tests are invasive, destructive to the samples and, in many cases, are not representative of the ultimate in(More)
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