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RCJ 3.1, a clonally derived cell population isolated from 21-d fetal rat calvaria, expresses the osteoblast-associated characteristics of polygonal morphology, a cAMP response to parathyroid hormone, synthesis of predominantly type I collagen, and the presence of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3-regulated alkaline phosphatase activity. When cultured in the presence(More)
Osteosarcoma by nature shows aggressive pulmonary metastasis; however, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain unclear. We previously showed that N-cadherin and cadherin-11 (OB-cadherin), which are highly expressed in normal osteoblasts, are anomalously expressed in human osteosarcoma (Kashima et al., Am J Pathol 1999;155:1549-55). In the present study,(More)
Mortality of patients with breast cancer is due overwhelmingly to metastatic spread of the disease. Although dissemination is an early event in breast cancer, extended periods of cancer cell dormancy can result in long latency of metastasis development. Deciphering the mechanisms underlying cancer cell dormancy and subsequent growth at the metastatic site(More)
Osteoarthritis primarily affects the articular cartilage of synovial joints. Cell and/or cartilage replacement is a promising therapy, provided there is access to appropriate tissue and sufficient numbers of articular chondrocytes. Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) represent a potentially unlimited source of chondrocytes and tissues as they can generate a broad(More)
The clonal multipotential RCJ 3.1 cell line, which gives rise to myotubes, adipocytes, chondrocytes, and osteoblasts, contains different progenitor subpopulations. By limiting dilution analysis, of 296 single colonies identified, approximately 20% contained a single recognizable cell type, approximately 10% contained two cell types, and approximately 1%(More)
The phosphoinositide 3-kinase and AKT (protein kinase B) signaling pathway (PI3K/AKT) plays a central role in the control of cell survival, growth, and proliferation throughout the body. With regard to bone, and particularly in osteoblasts, there is an increasing amount of evidence that the many signaling molecules exert some of their bone-specific effects(More)
We have investigated the role of c-Fos in chondrocyte differentiation in vitro using both constitutive and inducible overexpression approaches in ATDC5 chondrogenic cells, which undergo a well-defined sequence of differentiation from chondroprogenitors to fully differentiated hypertrophic chondrocytes. Initially, we constitutively overexpressed exogenous(More)
UNLABELLED The role of the Rho-Rho kinase signaling pathway on osteoblast differentiation was investigated using primary mouse calvarial cells. The bacterial toxin PMT inhibited, whereas Rho-ROK inhibitors stimulated, osteoblast differentiation and bone nodule formation. These effects correlated with altered BMP-2 and -4 expression. These data show the(More)
Fibrous dysplasia is a benign bone disease caused by a mutation in the gene for the stimulatory guanine nucleotide-binding protein Gs alpha, leading to high cyclic adenosine monophosphate levels. Histologically, fibrous dysplasia is characterized by the production of fibrous tissue accompanied by the deposition of ectopic type I collagen and other(More)
The neighbor of Brca1 gene (Nbr1) functions as an autophagy receptor involved in targeting ubiquitinated proteins for degradation. It also has a dual role as a scaffold protein to regulate growth-factor receptor and downstream signaling pathways. We show that genetic truncation of murine Nbr1 leads to an age-dependent increase in bone mass and bone mineral(More)