Agamemnon E. Grigoriadis

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RCJ 3.1, a clonally derived cell population isolated from 21-d fetal rat calvaria, expresses the osteoblast-associated characteristics of polygonal morphology, a cAMP response to parathyroid hormone, synthesis of predominantly type I collagen, and the presence of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3-regulated alkaline phosphatase activity. When cultured in the presence(More)
We have investigated the regulation of chondroblast/chondrocyte differentiation using a unique clonal cell population, designated RCJ 3.1C5 (C5), which differentiates into discrete three-dimensional cartilage nodules when grown in the presence of 15% fetal calf serum. Histologically, the nodules resembled hyaline cartilage; they contained large rounded(More)
The directed differentiation of human pluripotent stem cells offers the unique opportunity to generate a broad spectrum of human cell types and tissues for transplantation, drug discovery, and studying disease mechanisms. Here, we report the stepwise generation of bone-resorbing osteoclasts from human embryonic and induced pluripotent stem cells. Generation(More)
Osteosarcoma by nature shows aggressive pulmonary metastasis; however, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain unclear. We previously showed that N-cadherin and cadherin-11 (OB-cadherin), which are highly expressed in normal osteoblasts, are anomalously expressed in human osteosarcoma (Kashima et al., Am J Pathol 1999;155:1549-55). In the present study,(More)
UNLABELLED The role of the Rho-Rho kinase signaling pathway on osteoblast differentiation was investigated using primary mouse calvarial cells. The bacterial toxin PMT inhibited, whereas Rho-ROK inhibitors stimulated, osteoblast differentiation and bone nodule formation. These effects correlated with altered BMP-2 and -4 expression. These data show the(More)
Osteoarthritis primarily affects the articular cartilage of synovial joints. Cell and/or cartilage replacement is a promising therapy, provided there is access to appropriate tissue and sufficient numbers of articular chondrocytes. Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) represent a potentially unlimited source of chondrocytes and tissues as they can generate a broad(More)
Mortality of patients with breast cancer is due overwhelmingly to metastatic spread of the disease. Although dissemination is an early event in breast cancer, extended periods of cancer cell dormancy can result in long latency of metastasis development. Deciphering the mechanisms underlying cancer cell dormancy and subsequent growth at the metastatic site(More)
The neighbor of Brca1 gene (Nbr1) functions as an autophagy receptor involved in targeting ubiquitinated proteins for degradation. It also has a dual role as a scaffold protein to regulate growth-factor receptor and downstream signaling pathways. We show that genetic truncation of murine Nbr1 leads to an age-dependent increase in bone mass and bone mineral(More)
The clonal multipotential RCJ 3.1 cell line, which gives rise to myotubes, adipocytes, chondrocytes, and osteoblasts, contains different progenitor subpopulations. By limiting dilution analysis, of 296 single colonies identified, approximately 20% contained a single recognizable cell type, approximately 10% contained two cell types, and approximately 1%(More)
Fibrous dysplasia is a benign bone disease caused by a mutation in the gene for the stimulatory guanine nucleotide-binding protein Gs alpha, leading to high cyclic adenosine monophosphate levels. Histologically, fibrous dysplasia is characterized by the production of fibrous tissue accompanied by the deposition of ectopic type I collagen and other(More)