Afzal N. Chaudhry

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BACKGROUND Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis is a severe condition encompassing two major syndromes: granulomatosis with polyangiitis (formerly known as Wegener's granulomatosis) and microscopic polyangiitis. Its cause is unknown, and there is debate about whether it is a single disease entity and what role ANCA plays in its(More)
OBJECTIVE B cell depletion with rituximab has allowed remissions in relapsing or refractory antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis in small studies. The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy and safety of rituximab for ANCA-associated vasculitis in a larger multicenter cohort. This permitted comparison of rituximab dosing(More)
OBJECTIVE Rituximab is effective induction therapy in refractory or relapsing antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis (AAV). However, further relapse is common, and maintenance strategies are required. The aim of this study was to reduce relapse rates using a fixed-interval rituximab re-treatment protocol. METHODS Retrospective,(More)
Autoimmune diseases are common and debilitating, but their severe manifestations could be reduced if biomarkers were available to allow individual tailoring of potentially toxic immunosuppressive therapy. Gene expression-based biomarkers facilitating such tailoring of chemotherapy in cancer, but not autoimmunity, have been identified and translated into(More)
OBJECTIVE To optimise a strategy for identifying gene expression signatures differentiating systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis that provide insight into disease pathogenesis and identify biomarkers. METHODS 44 vasculitis patients, 13 SLE patients and 25 age and sex-matched controls were(More)
CONTEXT Attainment of safe GH and IGF-1 levels is a central goal of acromegaly management. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to determine the extent to which reductions in GH and IGF-1 concentrations correlate with amelioration of radiological, metabolic, vascular, cardiac, and respiratory sequelae in a single unselected patient cohort. STUDY DESIGN(More)
Maintenance immunosuppression with calcineurin inhibitors (CNIs) following renal transplantation is associated with nephrotoxicity and accelerated graft loss. We aimed to assess whether conversion to sirolimus-based immunosuppression would affect the progression of renal impairment. In this single center, randomized controlled trial, 40 renal transplant(More)
BACKGROUND Goodpasture's, or anti-glomerular basement membrane (GBM), disease is unusual among autoimmune diseases in that it rarely follows a relapsing-remitting course. Moreover, untreated, autoantibodies disappear spontaneously after 1 to 3 years and, following treatment, autoreactive T cells diminish in frequency. This suggests that operational(More)
Chronic allograft nephropathy (CAN) is the principal cause of late renal allograft failure. This complex process is multifactorial in origin, and there is good evidence for immune-mediated effects. The immune contribution to this process is directed by CD4(+) T cells, which can be activated by either direct or indirect pathways of allorecognition. For the(More)
BACKGROUND Acute kidney injury (AKI) is an independent risk factor for mortality and is responsible for a significant burden of healthcare expenditure, so accurate measurement of its incidence is important. Administrative coding data has been used for assessing AKI incidence, and shows an increasing proportion of hospital bed days attributable to AKI.(More)