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PURPOSE Fentanyl, a synthetic opioid, is a popular choice amongst anesthesiologists in the operating room. Preinduction iv fentanyl bolus is associated with coughing in 28-45% of patients. Coughing due to fentanyl is not always benign and at times may be explosive requiring immediate intervention. We have studied the role of aerosol inhalation of(More)
An important risk factor for nosocomial infection in an intensive care unit (ICU) is prior colonization. This study was undertaken to determine the spectrum of bacterial colonization and predisposing risk factors in patients being admitted to an ICU in India, with special emphasis on extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)- and metallo-beta-lactamase(More)
INTRODUCTION We prospectively compared the new Japanese Association for Acute Medicine (JAAM) score with the International Society of Thrombosis and Hemostasis (ISTH) score for diagnosis of disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) in septic patients admitted in a general critical care intensive care unit. MATERIAL AND METHOD Septic patients with(More)
Widespread emergence of multidrug resistant (MDR) bacterial pathogens is a problem of global dimension. MDR infections are difficult to treat and frequently associated with high mortality. More than one antibiotic is commonly used to treat such infections, but scientific evidence does not favor use of combination therapy in most cases. However, there are(More)
OBJECTIVE To report the International Nosocomial Infection Control Consortium surveillance data from 40 hospitals (20 cities) in India 2004-2013. METHODS Surveillance using US National Healthcare Safety Network's criteria and definitions, and International Nosocomial Infection Control Consortium methodology. RESULTS We collected data from 236,700 ICU(More)
Aluminum phosphide (AlP) is a cheap, effective and commonly used pesticide. However, unfortunately, it is now one of the most common causes of poisoning among agricultural pesticides. It liberates lethal phosphine gas when it comes in contact either with atmospheric moisture or with hydrochloric acid in the stomach. The mechanism of toxicity includes(More)
CONTEXT Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a leading nosocomial infection in the intensive care unit (ICU). Members of Enterobacteriaceae are the most common causative agents and carbapenems are the most commonly used antibiotics. Metallo-beta-lactamase (MBL) production leading to treatment failure may go unnoticed by routine disc diffusion(More)
Erroneous positioning of central venous catheters in small tributaries of large central veins is a rare occurrence. We describe two such unusual incidents involving cannulation of the small tributaries of left brachiocephalic vein. Malposition was suspected when the central venous waveform could not be obtained despite all attempts. Unusual central venous(More)
We present a method for identifying biomarkers in human lung injury. The method is based on high-resolution nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy applied to bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) collected from lungs of critically ill patients. This biological fluid can be obtained by bronchoscopic and non-bronchoscopic methods. The type of lung injury(More)