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OBJECTIVE The effect of using omega-3 to prevent migraine attacks has been raised in recent studies. The majority of these studies have been conducted in adults. Conversely, other studies have yet to confirm the effect of omega-3. The main purpose of this study was to assess the effects of omega-3 in the prevention of migraine attacks in children. (More)
OBJECTIVE Headache is a common disabling neurological disorder and migraine comprises more than half the causes of recurrent headaches in children. Despite extended prevalence of this type of headache there is lack of evidence about best drug treatment for migraine. So we aimed to compare the therapeutic effects of these drugs on childhood migraine. (More)
OBJECTIVE The Pediatric Risk of Mortality (PRISM) score is one of the scores used by many pediatricians for prediction of the mortality risk in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). Herein, we intend to evaluate the efficacy of PRISM score in prediction of mortality rate in PICU. METHODS In this cohort study, 221 children admitted during an 18-month(More)
OBJECTIVE Febrile seizures (FSs) are the most common neurological disorder observed in the pediatric age group. The present study provides information about epidemiological and clinical characteristics as well as risk factors associated with FS among Iranian children. MATERIALS & METHODS On the computerized literature valid databases, the FS prevalence(More)
OBJECTIVE Many patients with late-diagnosed phenylketonuria (PKU) suffer from severe behavior problems. This study compares the effects of buspirone and risperidone on reducing behavior disorders in these patients. MATERIALS & METHODS In this crossover clinical trial study, patients with severe behavior disorders after medical examination were randomly(More)
Dear Editor Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is the most common behavioral disorder in children (1). Prevailing theories suggest that this disease is caused by the disruption of dopamine transmission in the frontal lobe and frontostriatal pathway (2). The prevalence of such a disorder worldwide is approximately 5.2–12% (1)(2). ADHD is one of(More)
OBJECTIVE Prediction of survival and mortality rates in costly environments such as the intensive care unit (ICU) is of great importance for the assessment of new treatments, resource consumption control, and improvement of quality control. This study aimed to determine the ability to predict mortality and discharge rate of patients using the FOUR score in(More)
OBJECTIVE Bell's palsy is a rapid onset, usually, unilateral paralysis of the facial nerve that causes significant changes in an individual's life such as a decline in personal, social, and educational performance. This study compared efficacy of combined prednisolone and acyclovir therapy with prednisolone alone. MATERIALS & METHODS This study is a(More)
OBJECTIVE Developmental impairment is a common problem in children health that occurs in approximately 5-10% of the childhood population. The aim of this study was to determine the etiologic yield of subspecialists' evaluation of young children with developmental disability. MATERIALS & METHODS All children aged between 2 months and 5 years referred over(More)
OBJECTIVE Precocious puberty is of concern because of the underlying disorders, the short adult stature, and the psychosocial difficulties. This study was carried out in order to evaluate the characteristics of children referred to pediatric endocrinology clinic with diagnosis of precocious puberty. METHODS In a cross-sectional study between February 2007(More)