Afsaneh Karmostaji

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BACKGROUND The Acinetobacter species, particularly A. baumannii, has emerged as one of the main causes of nosocomial infections in recent years. The high prevalence of drug resistance in A. baumannii limits the therapeutic options for treating infections caused by these bacteria. The objective of this study was to determine the in vitro activity of(More)
Hospital-acquired bacterial pneumonia (HABP) is one of the most important causes of morbidity, mortality and economic problems especially for patients admitted in the intensive care unit (ICU) ward. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of nosocomial pneumonia in ICU, identify the causative bacteria and their resistance profiles. This cross(More)
BACKGROUND Acinetobacter baumannii has emerged as an important nosocomial pathogen. Hospital outbreaks of extensively drug resistant (XDR) A. baumannii are a great concern. OBJECTIVES Aims of this study were to characterize the resistance determinants and genetic relatedness of (XDR) A. baumannii isolates in hospitals in Tehran, Iran. MATERIALS AND(More)
INTRODUCTION Fungal contamination in hospitals has been a major health concern, especially in immunosuppressed patients. Construction programs increase the risk of fungal contaminations in hospitals. This study aimed to monitor and compare fungal contamination in two hospitals in Bandar Abbas, Iran, one of which was undergoing construction. Furthermore, the(More)
The increasing incidence of antimicrobial resistance has led to research on finding new antimicrobial agents or identifying drug combinations with synergistic effects. Enterococcal infections, particularly those associated with vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VREs), are therapeutic problems. Linezolid (LZD), an oxazolidinone antibiotic, shows good(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE The spread of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae especially blaNDM-1-carrying isolates is a great concern worldwide. In this study we describe the molecular basis of carbapenem-resistant K. pneumoniae in three teaching hospitals at Bandar Abbas, south of Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 170 nonduplicate clinical(More)
PURPOSE Infections associated with Acinetobacter baumannii represent an increasing threat in healthcare settings. Therefore, we investigated the epidemiological relationship between clinical isolates of A. baumannii obtained from patients in a university hospital in Bandar Abbas in southern Iran. METHODOLOGY Sixty-four consecutive non-duplicate clinical(More)
Colonization of methicillin resistant Staphylococccus aureus (MRSA) can occur more commonly in healthy people who live in close together or are in close physical contact with each other. Having knowledge about the molecular characteristics of these strains provides considerable discernment into the epidemiology of this important microorganism. A total of(More)
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