Afrooz Afghani

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BACKGROUND/AIMS The link between abdominal fat and bone mineral content (BMC), independent of weight, has not been extensively studied. In Latino children, the contributions of abdominal subcutaneous and visceral fat to BMC have not been examined. Research on the effect of leptin on BMC has also been inconclusive. METHODS The present study included 256(More)
Total fat mass plays a significant role in determining bone mass, but the specific role of central adiposity independent of total fat mass has not been widely studied. Prepubertal (Tanner 1) children (n = 181; 65 boys, 116 girls, 7.8 ± 1.5 years), including 99 Caucasians and 82 African Americans from Birmingham, Alabama, participated in this study. Body(More)
Understanding the etiology of factors influencing bone mineral density (BMD) in Hispanic women for the prevention of osteoporosis was the aim of this investigation. Whole body BMD (WBBMD) of 39 Hispanic, premenopausal women aged 22 - 51 years was measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Maximal aerobic capacity ((.-)VO(2max)) was determined by(More)
INTRODUCTION/PURPOSE Research addressing the role of biology and behavior on bone development during times of peak bone acquisition in adolescence is limited. The present investigation was conducted to address the influence of body composition (lean body mass, fat mass), menarche, leisure physical activity, sports team participation, smoking, and(More)
BACKGROUND In adults, hypertension has been shown to be inversely correlated with bone mineral content (BMC); however, the association between blood pressure (BP) and BMC has not been studied in pediatrics. METHODS Total body BMC of 187 overweight (mean BMI = 28.7 kg/m(2)) Latino children and adolescents (mean age = 11.2 years) were measured using(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the association between resting energy expenditure (REE) and bone mineral density (BMD) in white adults. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. SETTING White, middle-class to upper middle-class community-dwelling adults. PARTICIPANTS Women (n = 996) and men (n = 686) aged 36 to 97 years. ASSESSMENT OF RISK FACTORS REE calculated(More)
The purpose of the study was to assess whether patient transfer demonstrated health-care disparities in patients with myocardial infarction and type 2 diabetes mellitus who had been admitted to non-federal hospitals in 2006. This was a secondary data analyses. Retrospective data was extracted from the 2006 Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP)(More)
OBJECTIVE Research on the skeletal status of pre-diabetic (type 2 diabetic) children is warranted. We examined the hypothesis that bone mineral content (BMC) and bone mineral density (BMD) will be lower in children with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) versus normal glucose tolerance (NGT). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Total body BMC and BMD of 184(More)
OBJECTIVE The link between central adiposity and osteopenia has not been extensively studied in Latina women. In particular, the association between abdominal weight and bone mineral content (BMC) and bone mineral density (BMD), independent of total weight and aerobic capacity, remains uncertain, especially in overweight and obese individuals. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have shown that hypertension is related to abnormalities of calcium metabolism such as increased calcium losses from kidney and secondary activation of parathyroid glands. In animal studies, high blood pressure (BP) has been shown to increase the risk of bone mineral loss; however whether hypertension is associated with reduced(More)