Afaf M. Mohamed

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OBJECTIVE The goal was to test the hypothesis that intubated infants positioned on their sides would be less likely to contract bacterial colonization in their tracheae, compared with those positioned supine. METHODS We conducted a prospective, randomized, controlled trial with 60 intubated infants; 30 infants were positioned supine (supine group), and 30(More)
Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is a condition which has been difficult to assess at an early stage, resulting in the delivery of children who have poor genetic growth potential. Currently, IUGR classification is based upon the system of ultrasound biometry. Doppler velocimetry allows the measurement of hemodynamic flow of major fetal vessels,(More)
The aim of this review is to define the incidence of renal dysfunction among pediatric liver transplant (LT) survivors, to identify the associated risk factors and to outline the therapeutic options. Renal dysfunction is a common problem after pediatric LT. The measured glomerular filtration rate is considered the "gold-standard" for assessment of renal(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the nutritional status, to screen for the presence of malnutrition, and to study the possible risk factors associated with malnutrition in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). METHODS A retrospective cross-sectional review of medical records of all diagnosed CF patients in the Pediatric Department, Salmaniya Medical Complex, Manama,(More)
PURPOSE This study aimed to determine the prevalence of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency among infants with neonatal indirect hyperbilirubinemia (NIH); compare G6PD-deficient and G6PD-normal patients regarding hyperbilirubinemia and need for exchange transfusions (ET); and assess risk factors for ET and kernicterus. METHODS This is a(More)
INTRODUCTION Inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) is the standard therapy for infants with persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN). Recently, sildenafil has been evaluated as an alternative or adjunctive pulmonary vasodilator. OBJECTIVE To assess the effectiveness of adding sildenafil as an early adjunctive therapy together with iNO when treating(More)
OBJECTIVE To review clinical presentations, diagnosis, response to treatment, and outcome of infants with neonatal hemochromatosis (NH). METHODS This is a retrospective review of all cases admitted to the Pediatric Department at Salmaniya Medical Center, Manama, Bahrain between March 2008 and May 2011. The diagnosis was based on serum iron and ferritin,(More)
Intestinal lymphangiectasia (IL) is a rare disease characterized by dilatation of intestinal lymphatics. It can be classified as primary or secondary according to the underlying etiology. The clinical presentations of IL are pitting edema, chylous ascites, pleural effusion, acute appendicitis, diarrhea, lymphocytopenia, malabsorption, and intestinal(More)
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