Afaf A Mahgoub

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Debrisoquine and its primary metabolite, 4-hydroxydebrisoquine, were measured in the urine of 94 volunteers after a single oral dose of 10 mg debrisoquine. The ratio between excreted debrisoquine and its metabolite was bimorphically distributed in the study population. Family studies supported the view that alicyclic 4-hydroxylation of debrisoquine is(More)
A population survey of 258 unrelated white British subjects showed a polymorphism for the 4-oxidation of debrisoquine. "Extensive metabolisers" (EM) and "poor metabolisers" (PM) are recognisable, 8.9% of the population being PM. Nine pedigrees ascertained through PM probands show that the PM phenotype is an autosomal Mendelian recessive character. The EM(More)
The alicyclic and aromatic hydroxylation of debrisoquin was studied in Ghanaians. As in a previously studied Caucasian population, the alicyclic 4-hydroxylation of debrisoquin in Ghanaians was polymorphic. Three phenotypes were observed: homozygous extensive metabolizers (58%), heterozygous extensive metabolizers (36%), and homozygous poor metabolizers(More)
1. The metabolic oxidation of debrisoquine has been studied in a group of 123 Nigerian volunteers. 2. All subjects excreted unchanged drug together with five oxidation products, namely, 4-, 5-, 6-, 7- and 8-hydroxy-debrisoquine. 3. The 4-hydroxylation reaction exhibits polymorphism; ten subjects were defective in their ability to effect this reaction. 4.(More)
1. Debrisoquine hydroxylation exhibited profound variation in 72 Egyptian volunteers. 2. The frequency distribution histogram of the metabolic ratio (ratio unchanged drug: 4-hydroxy metabolite in 0-8 h urine) was polymodal. 3. From family data it was possible to define more clearly than before the heterozygous characteristics. 4. Egyptians appear in general(More)
Eight volunteers previously phenotyped for their ability to hydroxylate debrisoquine (four extensive metabolisers (EM), four poor metabolisers (PM) were investigated for their metabolic handling of guanoxan and phenacetin. All three drugs are oxidised at carbon centres. Oxidative dealkylation of phenacetin was determined by measuring the rate of formation(More)
1 The synthesis of [14C]-debrisoquine hydrochloride and 4-hydroxy-debrisoquine sulphate is described. 2 The metabolic fate and excretion profile in both urine and faeces of 14C-labelled debrisoquine was studied in five healthy human subjects. 3 Investigations showed that the drug is well-absorbed after a single oral dose of 32 mg and quantitatively(More)
The present work was conducted to assess the possible protective effects of zafirlukast against the toxic damage induced by acetic acid in rat colon. Zafirlukast is a potent and selective cysteinyl leukotriene receptor antagonist which is used mainly in the prophylaxis of bronchial asthma. Two doses of zafirlukast were used (40 and 80 mg/kg) dissolved in(More)