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Behaviour in novel environments is influenced by the conflicting motivators fear and curiosity. Because changes in both of these motivational processes are often simultaneously involved in human affective disorders, we have developed the exploration box test which allows separation of animals belonging to clusters with inherent high neophobia/low motivation(More)
Individual differences in novelty-related behavior are associated with sensitivity to various neurochemical manipulations. In the present study the amphetamine-induced locomotor activity and behavioral sensitization to amphetamine (0.5 mg/kg) was investigated in rats with high or low spontaneous exploratory activity (HE- and LE-rats, respectively) after(More)
NO is a pleiotropic signaling molecule and has an important role in cognition and emotion. In the brain, NO is produced by neuronal nitric oxide synthase (NOS-I, encoded by NOS1) coupled to the NMDA receptor via PDZ interactions; this protein-protein interaction is disrupted upon binding of NOS1 adapter protein (encoded by NOS1AP) to NOS-I. As both NOS1 and(More)
Chronic social defeat stress, a depression model in rats, reduced struggling in the forced swimming test dependent on a hedonic trait-stressed rats with high sucrose intake struggled less. Social defeat reduced brain regional energy metabolism, and this effect was also more pronounced in rats with high sucrose intake. A number of changes in gene expression(More)
Affective disorders are often accompanied by changes in motivation and anxiety. We investigated the genome-wide gene expression patterns in an animal model of depression that separates Wistar rats belonging into clusters of persistently high anxiety/low motivation to explore and low anxiety/high motivation to explore (low explorers and high explorers, LE(More)
Individual differences in behavioral traits are associated with sensitivity to various neurochemical and psychopharmacological manipulations. In this study exploratory and amphetamine-induced behavior in rats with persistently high or low exploratory activity (HE and LE, respectively) was examined before and after a partial denervation of the locus(More)
Increases in both striatal dopamine release and the proportion of the D(2) receptors in the high affinity state (D(2) (High)) accompany the behavioral sensitization to psychostimulants, but it is not known whether the physiological substrate of the interindividual differences locomotor and exploratory behavior is similar. Thus, we examined whether(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is a gaseous transmitter produced by nitric oxide synthases (NOSs). The neuronal isoform (NOS-I, encoded by NOS1) is the main source of NO in the central nervous system (CNS). Animal studies suggest that nitrinergic dysregulation may lead to behavioral abnormalities. Unfortunately, the large number of animal studies is not adequately(More)
Major neuropsychiatric disorders are highly heritable, with mounting evidence suggesting that these disorders share overlapping sets of molecular and cellular underpinnings. In the current article we systematically test the degree of genetic commonality across six major neuropsychiatric disorders-attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), anxiety(More)
In mice, the limbic system-associated membrane protein (Lsamp) gene has been implicated in locomotion, anxiety, fear reaction, learning, social behaviour and adaptation. Human data links the LSAMP gene to several psychiatric disorders and completed suicide. Here, we investigated changes in major monoamine systems in mice lacking the Lsamp gene. First, the(More)