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The symbiotic microbiota profoundly affect many aspects of host physiology; however, the molecular mechanisms underlying host-microbe cross-talk are largely unknown. Here, we show that the pyrroloquinoline quinone-dependent alcohol dehydrogenase (PQQ-ADH) activity of a commensal bacterium, Acetobacter pomorum, modulates insulin/insulin-like growth factor(More)
IFN-gamma activates macrophages to kill diverse intracellular pathogens, but does not activate human macrophages to kill virulent Mycobacterium tuberculosis. We tested the hypothesis that this is due to inhibition of IFN-gamma signaling by M. tuberculosis and found that M. tuberculosis infection of human macrophages blocks several responses to IFN-gamma,(More)
AIMS Invasive breast carcinoma (IBC) with neuroendocrine (NE) differentiation has been controversial in terms of its definition and clinical outcome. We investigated the incidence and clinical significance of NE differentiation in patients with IBC. METHODS AND RESULTS We performed immunohistochemistry for NE markers, chromogranin-A and synaptophysin on(More)
Enhanced flux of neutral solutes during transdermal iontophoresis is attributed largely to electroosmotic volume flow. In this study, the iontophoretic fluxes of tritiated water (3H2O) and 14C-labeled mannitol through hairless mouse skin (HMS) were determined. The following questions were addressed: (i) What is the variability of water flux during(More)
Fibronectin (FN), a large heterodimeric glycoprotein, can be found in soluble form in plasma or in insoluble form as an extracellular matrix protein. Cellular FN is produced by various types of benign and malignant epithelial and mesenchymal cells and is widely distributed in malignant tumors. We evaluated FN expression in cancer cells (epithelial FN; E-FN)(More)
Weissella cibaria KACC 11862 is a Gram-positive, heterofermentative, Leuconostoc-like lactic acid bacterium that is widely distributed in Korean traditional foods such as kimchi. Here we report the draft genome sequence of the type strain, W. cibaria KACC 11862 (1,599 known genes, 80 RNA genes), which consists of 72 large contigs (>100 bp in size).
As a part of our effort to obtain a strong regulatory element for the construction of an autogenic mud loach transgenic vector, we isolated a genomic clone that contains an open reading frame encoding the β-actin gene, then examined the transcriptional activity of the upstream sequences, including the first intron, in transiently transfected cell lines. It(More)
Ldb1 and erythroid partners SCL, GATA-1, and LMO2 form a complex that is required to establish spatial proximity between the β-globin locus control region and gene and for transcription activation during erythroid differentiation. Here we show that Ldb1 controls gene expression at multiple levels. Ldb1 stabilizes its erythroid complex partners on β-globin(More)
Although linearly distant along mouse chromosome 7 and human chromosome 11, the mammalian β-globin gene is located in close proximity to the upstream locus control region enhancer when it is actively transcribed in the nuclear chromatin environment of erythroid cells. This organization is thought to generate a chromatin loop between the LCR, a powerful(More)
Allium sativum., commonly known as garlic, is a species in the onion genus (Allium), which is a large and diverse one containing over 1,250 species. Its close relatives include chives, onion, leek and shallot. Garlic has been used throughout recorded history for culinary, medicinal use and health benefits. Currently, the interest in garlic is highly(More)