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BACKGROUND Fluid is restricted in thoracic surgery to reduce acute lung injury, and hydroxyethyl starches (HES) are often administered to reduce fluid amount. This strategy may contribute to the development of acute kidney injury (AKI). We evaluated the incidence, risk factors, and prognosis of AKI in thoracic surgery. We especially focused on whether fluid(More)
Chounghwamycin A, a new antitumor antibiotic produced by a strain of Streptomyces sp. No. PL-D-5, was isolated and characterized. It appeared to belong to the actinomycin group of antibiotics from physico-chemical studies and has an empirical formula of C63H88N11O21. The antibiotic is extractable into an organic solvent from the fermentation broth,(More)
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