Adrienne L Fosang

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The aim of this study was to determine the reliability and magnitude of error of three lower-limb clinical measures for children with cerebral palsy (CP): the Modified Ashworth Scale of Spasticity (MAS), passive range of movement (PROM) and the modified Tardieu scale (MTS). Six physiotherapists measured 11 females and seven males (mean age 6 years 4 months,(More)
This paper describes a protocol for dynamometer assisted manual muscle testing of the major muscle groups of the lower extremity and its application to 11 able-bodied children who also had conventional gait analysis to obtain joint kinetics. Data from the manual muscle testing was processed in such a way that the results for maximum muscle strength (grade(More)
We evaluated gross motor function following botulinum toxin A (BTX-A) injections in the lower limbs of children with spastic cerebral palsy in a randomized clinical trial, using a cross-over design. Forty-nine children (24 males, 25 females, age range 22 to 80 months) were randomly allocated to two groups: group 1 received BTX-A and physiotherapy, and group(More)
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