Adrienne A. Hilton

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Platelets are anuclear cytoplasmic fragments essential for blood clotting and wound healing. Despite much speculation, the factors determining their life span in the circulation are unknown. We show here that an intrinsic program for apoptosis controls platelet survival and dictates their life span. Pro-survival Bcl-x(L) constrains the pro-apoptotic(More)
The noncanonical NF-kappaB pathway regulates the development and function of multiple organs and cell lineages. We have generated mice harboring a novel mutation in Nfkb2 that prevents the processing of the inhibitory precursor, p100, into the active subunit, p52. Mutant mice express a complex phenotype with abnormalities in a variety of tissues, and with a(More)
Although many genes are known to be critical for early hematopoiesis in the embryo, it remains unclear whether distinct regulatory pathways exist to control hematopoietic specification versus hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) emergence and function. Due to their interaction with key regulators of hematopoietic commitment, particular interest has focused on the(More)
Polycomb group proteins are transcriptional repressors that play a central role in the establishment and maintenance of gene expression patterns during development. Using mice with an N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea (ENU)-induced mutation in Suppressor of Zeste 12 (Suz12), a core component of Polycomb Repressive Complex 2 (PRC2), we show here that loss of Suz12(More)
An N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea mutagenesis screen in mice was performed to isolate regulators of circulating platelet number. We report here recessive thrombocytopenia and kidney disease in plt1 mice, which is the result of a severe but partial loss-of-function mutation in the gene encoding glycoprotein-N-acetylgalactosamine-3-beta-galactosyltransferase(More)
Genetic screens in lower organisms, particularly those that identify modifiers of preexisting genetic defects, have been used successfully to order components of complex signaling pathways. To date, similar suppressor screens have not been used in vertebrates. To define the molecular pathways regulating platelet production, we have executed a large-scale(More)
Harlequin Ichthyosis (HI) is a severe and often lethal hyperkeratotic skin disease caused by mutations in the ABCA12 transport protein. In keratinocytes, ABCA12 is thought to regulate the transfer of lipids into small intracellular trafficking vesicles known as lamellar bodies. However, the nature and scope of this regulation remains unclear. As part of an(More)
An adult mouse liver cDNA library was screened with oligonucleotides corresponding to the conserved WSXWS motif of the haemopoietin receptor family. Using this method, cDNA clones encoding a novel receptor were isolated. The new receptor, named NR1, was most similar in sequence and predicted structure to the alpha-chain of the IL-6 receptor and mRNA was(More)
In an N-nitroso-N-ethylurea (ENU) mutagenesis screen using Mpl(-/-) mice, we isolated a semidominant suppressor of thrombocytopenia, termed Plt6. The gene mutated in Plt6 mice encodes the transcriptional coregulator p300, and the mutation, a tyrosine to asparagine substitution at amino acid 630 (Y630N), disrupts the interaction between p300 and c-Myb.(More)
With the notable exception of humans, uric acid is degraded to (S)-allantoin in a biochemical pathway catalyzed by urate oxidase, 5-hydroxyisourate (HIU) hydrolase, and 2-oxo-4-hydroxy-4-carboxy-5-ureidoimidazoline decarboxylase in most vertebrate species. A point mutation in the gene encoding mouse HIU hydrolase, Urah, that perturbed uric acid metabolism(More)