Learn More
A new chromatographic method is reported for the synchronous analysis of endogenous purine and pyrimidine bases, ribonucleosides, and deoxyribonucleosides in brain samples. An optimized gradient chromatography system with a cooled reversed-phase column allows the detection of these compounds in very low concentrations in microsamples (microdialysates and(More)
Uridine, like adenosine, is released under sustained depolarization and it can inhibit hippocampal neuronal activity, suggesting that uridine may be released during seizures and can be involved in epileptic mechanisms. In an in vivo microdialysis study, we measured the extracellular changes of nucleoside and amino acid levels and recorded cortical EEG(More)
The elucidation of entire sets of protease substrates ("proteodegradomes") is important for understanding proteolytic pathways, their networks, and their role in the regulation of cell function. Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) is an extracellularly operating protease that is expressed and released in the brain in response to enhanced neuronal activity.(More)
Perfusion of 5 microM kainate through microdialysis probes induced >2-fold elevation of extracellular uridine and adenosine concentrations in the hippocampus and in the thalamus of anaesthetized rats. Administration of uridine via this route produced an estimated uridine concentration of 50-100 microM around the electrode surface. This markedly decreased(More)
Matrix metalloproteases (MMPs) degrade or modify extracellular matrix or membrane-bound proteins in the brain. MMP-2 and MMP-9 are activated by treatments that result in a sustained neuronal depolarization and are thought to contribute to neuronal death and structural remodeling. At the synapse, MMP actions on extracellular proteins contribute to changes in(More)
We show here electroretinograms (ERGs) recorded from freely moving rats during sleep and wakefulness. Bilateral ERGs were evoked by flashes delivered through a light-emitting diode implanted under the skin above one eye and recorded through electrodes inside each orbit near the optic nerve. Additional electrodes over each visual cortex monitored the brain(More)
  • 1