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Neuroendocrine (NE) lung tumors comprise four classes of progressive aggressiveness for which proliferation and apoptosis rates could both contribute to their distinctive behavior. As p53 mutations may favor escape from apoptosis through changes in Bcl2-Bax expression balance, which are survival and apoptotic genes, respectively, we studied 121 NE lung(More)
TUNEL, i.e., terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end-labeling, has become a widely used staining method to assist in detection of apoptotic cells in tissue sections. However, despite its apparent simplicity, this technique has led to considerable disappointment because of its serious limitations in sensitivity and, even more, in(More)
TUNEL (terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end-labeling) is a method of choice for rapid identification and quantification of the apoptotic cell fraction in cultured cell preparations. However, TUNEL application has been restricted to a narrow spectrum of sample conditions, and only detergents have been proposed as labeling enhancers.(More)
We propose a general solution to the problem of using antibodies originating in the same species for double immunohistochemical labeling. It relies on the use of a two-step protocol in which a secondary polyclonal monovalent F(ab) antibody present in the first step blocks access in the second of the secondary antibody to the primary antibody, which is(More)
Levels of nm23-H1/nucleoside diphosphate/kinase A expression have been reported to correlate inversely with metastatic potential in some tumors but not in others. To clarify the role of nm23 in lung carcinoma, the genetic abnormalities of nucleoside diphosphate/kinase A/nm23-H1 were investigated at the DNA and protein levels. A series of 104 human lung(More)
Multifocal alveolar hyperplasia associated with pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis is reported in a 21-year-old woman with tuberous sclerosis. Beside the cystic lesions of lymphangioleiomyomatosis, the tomography showed nodules up to 8 mm in both upper lobes. A proliferation of type II pneumonocytes and Clara cells lining the alveolar walls in an(More)
Lung cancer is the end result of a multistep process in which genetic and molecular changes accompany, in an unknown temporal sequence, histological precursor (preinvasive) bronchial lesions. Biomarkers allowing prediction of the rate of progression of precursor lesions at different locations in the anatomical field may be clinically useful. Toward this(More)
The prognostic value of p53 gene mutations is dealt with by several recent reports. However, retrospective assessment of p53 tumor status on archived samples has been prevented by p53 epitope alteration during routine fixation and embedding procedures. This study aimed at establishing a reproducible low-cost protocol to retrieve not only N-terminal, but(More)
In the absence of a universal specific molecular tracer of apoptosis, structural DNA alterations provide the basis of labeling systems: double-strand fragmentation for TUNEL (terminal transferase-mediated dUTP nick end-labeling), denaturation for poly (A) in situ hybridization, immunogenicity of single strand DNA, all methods which imply limited specificity(More)
We recently observed that adrenocortical cells secrete, under ACTH treatment, a large trimeric glycoprotein (CISP) presenting amino acid sequence similarity with thrombospondin-2. We also observed that the same cells synthesize and secrete thrombospondin-1 whereas under smaller amounts. The aim of this study was to investigate the regulation of these two(More)