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OBJECTIVE With the increased survival of very preterm infants, there is a growing concern for their developmental and socioemotional outcomes. The quality of the early mother-infant relationship has been noted as 1 of the factors that may exacerbate or soften the potentially adverse impact of preterm birth, particularly concerning the infant's later(More)
UNLABELLED Nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) applied shortly after birth is said to be an effective treatment of respiratory distress in very low birth weight infants (VLBW). We tested the hypothesis that the use of early nasal CPAP (applied as soon as signs of respiratory distress occurred, usually within 15 min after birth) reduces the need(More)
Our recently reported animal (rat) model of maternal cigarette smoke exposure during pregnancy is characterized by fetal growth retardation and lung hypoplasia. We have further defined the fetal lungs using quantitative histologic techniques. Compared to controls, lung volume at term is reduced in the experimental animals (0.28 versus 0.33 ml, p less than(More)
We studied the effects of alterations in lung fluid volume on growth and maturation of the fetal lung. In a chronic fetal sheep preparation, right fetal lung volume was decreased by drainage of lung fluid while the volume of the left lung was expanded by mainstem bronchus ligation leading to lung fluid retention. After an experimental period of 25 d (from(More)
The structural development of the fetal guinea pig lung is described and quantified morphometrically in this report. At 35 days gestation the lung is in the pseudoglandular phase of growth, by 40 days it is in the canalicular phase, and at 50 days the saccular growth phase has begun. At term (67 days), the fetal guinea pig lung appears mature. From the(More)
We drained amniotic fluid for periods of 5 and 10 days at various times in gestation between days 40 and 55 in the guinea pig (term is 67 days). We analyzed the impact of this procedure on fetal lung growth and used untouched littermate fetuses as controls. During the canalicular stage of lung development, total lung DNA per gram of fetal weight was(More)
An animal study to evaluate dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and spectroscopy for measurement of neonatal body composition was performed. Twenty-three piglets with body weights ranging from 848 to 7550 g were used. After measuring total body water, animals were killed and body composition was assessed using DXA and(More)
We drained the amniotic fluid surrounding guinea pig fetuses between days 45 and 65 of gestation (term is 67 days). The fetuses were delivered by Cesarean section and the impact of prolonged oligohydramnios on lung growth, maturation and postnatal ventilatory pattern was measured. Untouched littermate fetuses served as controls. Neither fetal body, liver(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate fetal brain development in vivo using early postnatal cranial MRI in term and preterm newborn infants. STUDY DESIGN 51 infants, 1.5-T whole-body system, extremity coil, spin-echo images obtained in all three planes (T1- and T2-weighted). Independent review by two neuroradiologists (blinded for gestational age and medical history)(More)