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The protection from coronary events that young women have is sharply reduced at menopause. Oxidative stress and baroreflex sensitivity impairment of the circulation have been demonstrated to increase cardiovascular risk. On the other hand, exercise training has been indicated as a nonpharmacological treatment for many diseases. The aim of the present study(More)
Hyperthyroidism was induced in rats by l-thyroxine administration (12 mg/L in drinking water, 4 weeks). Animals were assessed hemodynamically, and heart, lung, and liver morphometry were performed. Lipid peroxidation (LPO) and protein oxidation (carbonyls) were measured in heart homogenates. It was quantified glutathione (GSH) metabolism, and antioxidant(More)
In 8 trained subjects (T) and 9 untrained subjects (UT), lipid peroxidation (LPO), total antioxidant capacity (TRAP), superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activities were measured in the blood before and after three different intensities of exercise on the treadmill, determined from ventilatory threshold and maximal oxygen uptake(More)
This study examined, in young and old (3 and 24 month-old, respectively) healthy Wistar rats, the in vivo effect of DHEA (10 mg/kg body weight) administered subcutaneously for 5 weeks. Reduced (GSH) and oxidized (GSSG) glutathione levels, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PDH), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), glutathione-S-transferase (GST) and thioredoxin(More)
The effect of parboiled rice (PR) and white rice (WR) diets on oxidative stress (OS) parameters was investigated in the kidneys of rats with streptozotocin-induced diabetes (40 mg kg(-1), iv). The experimental groups (n=8) were control fed with PR (CPR), control fed with WR, diabetic fed with PR, and diabetic fed with WR. After 30 days of treatment, all(More)
When the equilibrium between free-radical production and cellular antioxidant defences is disturbed in favour of more free radicals, it causes oxidative stress which can promote cellular injury. Oxidative stress has been suggested to play a role in the pathogenesis of diabetic cardiomyopathy. In streptozotocin-induced diabetes, there is a decrease in(More)
Reactive oxygen species are formed in physiological and pathological conditions in mammalian tissues. Because of their high reactivity, they may interact with biomolecules, inducing oxidative injury. Increases in lipid peroxidation can result in oxidative damage to cellular membranes. Protection against oxidative damage is provided by enzymatic and(More)
The purpose of the present study was to examine myocardial antioxidant and oxidative stress changes in male and female rats in the presence of physiological sex hormone concentrations and after castration. Twenty-four 9-week-old Wistar rats were divided into four groups of 6 animals each: 1) sham-operated females, 2) castrated females, 3) sham-operated(More)
We investigated the effects of anoxia (8 h) and different periods of reoxygenation (20 and 40 min) on the oxidative balance in anterior and posterior gills of the crab Chasmagnathus granulata. Enzyme activity of catalase and GST was increased in the gills of the animals submitted to anoxia, and SOD activity was decreased. These enzymes returned(More)
This study was conducted to test whether oxidative stress activates the intracellular protein kinase B (AKT1) signaling pathway, which culminates with cardiac hypertrophy in experimental hyperthyroidism. Male Wistar rats were divided into four groups: control, vitamin E, thyroxine (T(4)), and T(4)+vitamin E. Hyperthyroidism was induced by T(4)(More)