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The protection from coronary events that young women have is sharply reduced at menopause. Oxidative stress and baroreflex sensitivity impairment of the circulation have been demonstrated to increase cardiovascular risk. On the other hand, exercise training has been indicated as a nonpharmacological treatment for many diseases. The aim of the present study(More)
Hyperthyroidism was induced in rats by l-thyroxine administration (12 mg/L in drinking water, 4 weeks). Animals were assessed hemodynamically, and heart, lung, and liver morphometry were performed. Lipid peroxidation (LPO) and protein oxidation (carbonyls) were measured in heart homogenates. It was quantified glutathione (GSH) metabolism, and antioxidant(More)
This study examined, in young and old (3 and 24 month-old, respectively) healthy Wistar rats, the in vivo effect of DHEA (10 mg/kg body weight) administered subcutaneously for 5 weeks. Reduced (GSH) and oxidized (GSSG) glutathione levels, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PDH), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), glutathione-S-transferase (GST) and thioredoxin(More)
Oxidative stress is an important pathophysiological mechanism of many neurological diseases. Reactive oxygen and nitrogen species have been cited as molecules involved in the nociceptive process. In this study, rats were submitted to sciatic nerve transection (SNT) for induction of neuropathic pain, and enzyme activities of SOD and catalase as well as lipid(More)
Neuropathic pain occurs as a result of peripheral or central nervous system injury. Its pathophysiology involves mainly a central sensitization mechanism that may be correlated to many molecules acting in regions involved in pain processing, such as the spinal cord. It has been demonstrated that reactive oxygen species (ROS) and signaling molecules, such as(More)
Although reactive oxygen species (ROS) are involved in neuropathic pain, the direct relationship between these species and chronic constriction of sciatic nerve (CCI) has not been studied in spinal cord. Thus, this study induced CCI in rats and these animals were sacrificed 3 and 10 days after the surgical procedure to determine the superoxide dismutase(More)
Our data support a disproportion between free radicals levels and scavenging systems activity in different cerebral regions of the aging rat. We investigated the total reactive antioxidant potential and reactivity levels, which represent the total antioxidant capacity, in different cerebral regions of the aging rat (cortex, striatum, hippocampus and the(More)
Glutathione (GSH) is a major non-enzymatic antioxidant which is present in all tissues. Its protective actions occur through different pathways such its role as a substrate of antioxidant enzymes, such as glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and glutathione-S-transferase (GST). Nitric oxide (NO) is involved in many physiological processes in the central nervous(More)
Histidinemia is an inherited metabolic disorder caused by deficiency of histidase activity, which leads to tissue accumulation of histidine and its derivatives. Affected patients usually present with speech delay and mental retardation, although asymptomatic patients have been reported. Considering that the pathophysiology of the neurological dysfunction of(More)
Large amounts of d-2-hydroxyglutaric acid (DGA) accumulate in d-2-hydroxyglutaric aciduria (D-2-OHGA), an inherited neurometabolic disorder characterized by severe neurological dysfunction and cerebral atrophy. Despite the significant brain abnormalities, the neurotoxic mechanisms of brain injury in this disease are virtually unknown. In this work, the in(More)