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The crystal structure of bovine seminal ribonuclease, a homodimeric enzyme closely related to pancreatic ribonuclease, has been refined at a nominal resolution of 1.9 A employing data collected on an electronic area detector. The final model consists of two chains containing 1990 non-H atoms, seven sulfate anions and 113 water molecules per asymmetric unit.(More)
The propensity to form fibril in disease-related proteins is a widely studied phenomenon, but its correlation, if any, with structural characteristics of the associated proteins is not clearly understood. However, the observation has been made that some proteins that readily form amyloid have a significant number of backbone H bonds that are exposed to(More)
The diffraction pattern of protein crystals extending to atomic resolution guarantees a very accurate picture of the molecular structure and enables the study of subtle phenomena related to protein functionality. Six structures of bovine pancreatic ribonuclease at the pH* values 5.2, 5.9, 6.3, 7.1, 8.0 and 8.8 and at resolution limits in the range(More)
A study of the effect of trimethylamine N-oxide on the stability of two recombinant forms of the prion protein PrP, an ovine full-length and a human truncated form, is here reported. Both thermal denaturation and denaturation at room temperature were analyzed at pH values above and below the pKa of trimethylamine N-oxide, which is close to 4.7.(More)
The crystal structure of a medium-chain NAD(H)-dependent alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) from an archaeon has been solved by multiwavelength anomalous diffraction, using a selenomethionine-substituted enzyme. The protein (SsADH), extracted from the hyperthermophilic organism Sulfolobus solfataricus, is a homo-tetramer with a crystallographic 222 symmetry.(More)
Crystals of the deamidated form of bovine pancreatic ribonuclease which contains an isoaspartyl residue in position 67 diffract to 0. 87 A at 100 K. We have refined the crystallographic model using anisotropic displacement parameters for all atoms to a conventional crystallographic residual R=0.101 for all observed reflections in the resolution range(More)
Hereditary fructose intolerance (HFI) is an autosomal recessive human disease that results from the deficiency of the hepatic aldolase isoenzyme. Affected individuals will succumb to the disease unless it is readily diagnosed and fructose eliminated from the diet. Simple and non-invasive diagnosis is now possible by direct DNA analysis that scans for known(More)
Prion protein (PrP) is involved in lethal neurodegenerative diseases, and many issues remain unclear about its physio-pathological role. Quadruplex-forming nucleic acids (NAs) have been found to specifically bind to both PrP cellular and pathological isoforms. To clarify the relevance of these interactions, thermodynamic, kinetic and structural studies have(More)
BACKGROUND Maturity onset diabetes of the young type 2 (or GCK MODY) is a genetic form of diabetes mellitus provoked by mutations in the glucokinase gene (GCK). METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS We screened the GCK gene by direct sequencing in 30 patients from South Italy with suspected MODY. The mutation-induced structural alterations in the protein were(More)
The first report of the full-length structure of the collagen-like polypeptide [(Pro-Pro-Gly)(10)](3) is given. This structure was obtained from crystals grown in a microgravity environment, which diffracted up to 1.3 A, using synchrotron radiation. The final model, which was refined to an R(factor) of 0.18, is the highest-resolution description of a(More)