Adriana Zagari

Learn More
The crystal structure of bovine seminal ribonuclease, a homodimeric enzyme closely related to pancreatic ribonuclease, has been refined at a nominal resolution of 1.9 A employing data collected on an electronic area detector. The final model consists of two chains containing 1990 non-H atoms, seven sulfate anions and 113 water molecules per asymmetric unit.(More)
The propensity to form fibril in disease-related proteins is a widely studied phenomenon, but its correlation, if any, with structural characteristics of the associated proteins is not clearly understood. However, the observation has been made that some proteins that readily form amyloid have a significant number of backbone H bonds that are exposed to(More)
BACKGROUND Maturity onset diabetes of the young type 2 (or GCK MODY) is a genetic form of diabetes mellitus provoked by mutations in the glucokinase gene (GCK). METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS We screened the GCK gene by direct sequencing in 30 patients from South Italy with suspected MODY. The mutation-induced structural alterations in the protein were(More)
Misfolding and aggregation of the prion protein (PrP) is responsible for the development of transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSE). To gain insights into possible aggregation-prone intermediate states, we construct the free energy surface of the C-terminal globular domain of the PrP from enhanced sampling of replica exchange molecular dynamics.(More)
Crystals of the deamidated form of bovine pancreatic ribonuclease which contains an isoaspartyl residue in position 67 diffract to 0. 87 A at 100 K. We have refined the crystallographic model using anisotropic displacement parameters for all atoms to a conventional crystallographic residual R=0.101 for all observed reflections in the resolution range(More)
Proteins are complex structures whose overall stability critically depends on a delicate balance of numerous interactions of similar strength, which are markedly influenced by their environment. Here, we present an analysis of the effect of pH on a protein structure in the crystalline state using RNase A as a model system. By altering only one(More)
Type 2 Maturity Onset Diabetes of the Young (MODY2) is a monogenic autosomal disease characterized by a primary defect in insulin secretion and hyperglycemia. It results from GCK gene mutations that impair enzyme activity. Between 2006 and 2010, we investigated GCK mutations in 66 diabetic children from southern Italy with suspected MODY2. Denaturing High(More)
A study of the effect of trimethylamine N-oxide on the stability of two recombinant forms of the prion protein PrP, an ovine full-length and a human truncated form, is here reported. Both thermal denaturation and denaturation at room temperature were analyzed at pH values above and below the pKa of trimethylamine N-oxide, which is close to 4.7.(More)
A statistical survey of polyproline II (PPII) helices extracted from protein crystal structures is here reported. The average hydrophobicity of these helices is intermediate between those displayed by beta-strands and coil regions and is similar to that of alpha-helices. PPII helices with amphipathic properties have been identified and classified. Amino(More)
Prion protein (PrP) is involved in lethal neurodegenerative diseases, and many issues remain unclear about its physio-pathological role. Quadruplex-forming nucleic acids (NAs) have been found to specifically bind to both PrP cellular and pathological isoforms. To clarify the relevance of these interactions, thermodynamic, kinetic and structural studies have(More)