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We present here the rst images of impulsive millimeter emission of a are. The are on 1994 August 18 was simultaneously observed at millimeter (86 GHz), microwave (1-18 GHz), and soft and hard X{ray wavelengths. Images of millimeter, soft and hard X{ray emission show the same compact (< 8 00) source. Both the impulsive and the gradual phases are studied in(More)
The present study investigated the effects of glutaric acid (GA), which predominantly accumulates in glutaric acidemia type I (GA-I), on some in vitro parameters of energy metabolism in cerebral cortex of rats. We first evaluated CO2 production from [U-14C] acetate, as well as ATP levels in brain of young Wistar rats. The effect of the acid on the(More)
Lipid bodies (also known as lipid droplets) are emerging as inflammatory organelles with roles in the innate immune response to infections and inflammatory processes. In this study, we identified MCP-1 as a key endogenous mediator of lipid body biogenesis in infection-driven inflammatory disorders and we described the cellular mechanisms and signaling(More)
Lysophosphatidylcholine is an abundant component of plasma and oxidized LDL that displays several biological activities, some of which may occur through the platelet-activating factor (PAF) receptor. We find that commercial lysophosphatidylcholine, its alkyl homolog (lyso-PAF), and PAF all induce inflammation in a murine model of pleurisy. Hydrolysis of PAF(More)
Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (LDL) contains inflammatory agents, including oxidatively fragmented phospholipids that activate the platelet-activating factor (PAF) receptor, but in vivo events caused by these pathologically generated agents are not well defined. Injection of PAF-like lipids derived from oxidized LDL, or C(4)-PAF that is a major PAF-like(More)
Oleic acid (OA) can induce acute lung injury in experimental models. In the present work, we used intratracheal OA injection to show augmented oedema formation, cell migration and activation, lipid mediator, and cytokine productions in the bronchoalveolar fluids of Swiss Webster mice. We also demonstrated that OA-induced pulmonary injury is dependent on(More)
Tuberculosis continues to be a global health threat, with drug resistance and HIV coinfection presenting challenges for its control. Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the etiological agent of tuberculosis, is a highly adapted pathogen that has evolved different strategies to subvert the immune and metabolic responses of host cells. Although the significance of(More)
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) can emerge from certain pathologies, such as sepsis, fat embolism and leptospirosis, in which the levels of unesterified fatty acids are increased in the patient’s plasma. ARDS is characterized by edema formation, and edema resolution occurs mainly due to the pneumocyte Na/K-ATPase activity. As previously(More)
In the present study we investigated the effects of L-pyroglutamic acid (PGA), which predominantly accumulates in the inherited metabolic diseases glutathione synthetase deficiency (GSD) and gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase deficiency (GCSD), on some in vitro parameters of energy metabolism and lipid biosynthesis. We evaluated the rates of CO2 production(More)
Leptospirosis is an important zoonosis and has a worldwide impact on public health. This paper will discuss both the role of immunogenic and pathogenic molecules during leptospirosis infection and possible new targets for immunotherapy against leptospira components. Leptospira, possess a wide variety of mechanisms that allow them to evade the host immune(More)