Adriana Pietropaolo

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2 MD studies of the protein in micelles point to a lower degree of flexibility of huAS(A53T) with respect to the huAS(wt) (39). MD studies of the protein in lipid bilayer provide also interesting insights on the wild type structures, suggesting in particular that the truncated protein (residues 1–95) forms a bent helix due to its collective motions (40),(More)
Prion diseases are fatal neurodegenerative disorders related to the conformational alteration of the prion protein (PrP C) into a pathogenic and protease-resistant isoform PrP(Sc). PrP(C) is a cell surface glycoprotein expressed mainly in the central nervous system and despite numerous efforts to elucidate its physiological role, the exact biological(More)
The prion protein (PrPC) is a glycoprotein that in mammals, differently from avians, can lead to prion diseases, by misfolding into a beta-sheet-rich pathogenic isoform (PrPSc). Mammal and avian proteins show different N-terminal tandem repeats: PHGGGWGQ and PHNPGY, both containing histidine, whereas tyrosine is included only in the primary sequence of the(More)
The prion protein is a copper binding glycoprotein that in mammals can misfold into a pathogenic isoform leading to prion diseases, as opposed, surprisingly, to avians. The avian prion N-terminal tandem repeat is richer in prolines than the mammal one, and understanding their effect on conformation is of great biological importance. Here we succeeded in(More)
The recent metal hypothesis represents an attempt of a new interpretation key of Alzheimer's disease (AD) to overcome the limits of amyloid cascade. Neurons need to maintain metal ions within a narrow range of concentrations to avoid a detrimental alteration of their homeostasis, guaranteed by a network of specific metal ion transporters and chaperones.(More)
Ever since the discovery of its neurite growth promoting activity in sympathetic and sensory ganglia, nerve growth factor (NGF) became the prototype of the large family of neurotrophins. The use of primary cultures and clonal cell lines has revealed several distinct actions of NGF and other neurotrophins. Among several models of NGF activity, the clonal(More)
We investigate the conformations of the full chicken prion protein (ChPrP1-267) in solution at neutral pH with molecular dynamics simulations. We focus on the persistence of its secondary structure motifs using a recently proposed protein chirality indicator [A. Pietropaolo et al., Proteins 2008, 70, 667-677]. From this, we find a high rigidity of helix 2(More)
The nerve growth factor (NGF) N-terminus peptide, NGF(1-14), and its acetylated form, Ac-NGF(1-14), were investigated to scrutinize the ability of this neurotrophin domain to mimic the whole protein. Theoretical calculations demonstrated that non-covalent forces assist the molecular recognition of TrkA receptor by both peptides. Combined parallel(More)
The data reported herein are related to the article entitled: "The switching mechanism of the mitochondrial ADP/ATP carrier explored by free-energy landscapes" (Pietropaolo et al., 2016) [1]. We report the coordinates of the ADP/ATP carrier (AAC2) in the presence and absence of adenine and guanine nucleotides in the c-, intermediate- and m-states obtained(More)
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