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Glial cells constitute the second component of the nervous system and are important during neuronal development. In this paper we describe a gene, glial cell deficient, (glide), that is necessary for glial cell fate commitment in Drosophila melanogaster. Mutations at the glide locus prevent glial cell determination in the embryonic central and peripheral(More)
The fly glial cell deficient/glial cell missing (glide/gcm) gene codes for a transcription factor that induces gliogenesis. Lack of its product eliminates lateral glial cells in the embryonic nervous system. Here we identify a second gene, glide2, that is homologous to glide/gcm in the binding domain and that is also necessary and sufficient to promote(More)
Fly gliogenesis depends on the glial-cell-deficient/glial-cell-missing (glide/gcm) transcription factor. glide/gcm expression is necessary and sufficient to induce the glial fate within and outside the nervous system, indicating that the activity of this gene must be tightly regulated. The current model is that glide/gcm activates the glial fate by inducing(More)
Glial cells differentiate from the neuroepithelium. In flies, gliogenesis depends on the expression of glial cell deficient/glial cell missing (glide/gcm). The phenotype of glide/gcm loss- and gain-of-function mutations suggested that gliogenesis occurs in cells that, by default, would differentiate into neurons. Here we show that glide/gcm is able to(More)
We have used enhancer trap lines as markers to recognize glial cells in the wing peripheral nervous system of Drosophila melanogaster. Their characterization has enabled us to define certain features of glial differentiation and organization. In order to ask whether glial cells originate within the disc or whether they migrate to the wing nerves from the(More)
Some neurons and glial cells originate from neuroblasts and glioblasts, stem cells that delaminate from the ectoderm of developing fly embryos. A second class of glial cells and neurons differentiates from multipotent precursors, the neuroglioblasts. The differentiation of both glial cell types depends on glial cell deficient/glial cell missing (glide/gcm).(More)
Asymmetric cell divisions and segregation of fate determinants are crucial events in the generation of cell diversity. Fly neuroblasts, the precursors that self-reproduce and generate neurons, represent a clear example of asymmetrically dividing cells. Less is known about how neurons and glial cells are generated by multipotent precursors. Flies provide the(More)
Metabolic rate determines the physiological and life-history performances of ectotherms. Thus, the extent to which such rates are sensitive and plastic to environmental perturbation is central to an organism's ability to function in a changing environment. Little is known of long-term metabolic plasticity and potential for metabolic adaptation in marine(More)
The material, including all portions thereof, is protected by copyright; all rights are held exclusively by Springer Science + Business Media. The material is for personal use only; commercial use is not permitted. Unauthorized reproduction, transfer and/or use may be a violation of criminal as well as civil law. Abstract The general aim of setting up a(More)
The development of the peripheral nervous system (PNS) requires the activity of a number of genes. The neurogenic and the proneural genes are necessary in the earliest phase; their mutations lead to hyperplasia and partial or total elimination of the PNS respectively. Some of these mutations also affect other developmental processes. Other mutations affect(More)