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Bats host noteworthy viral pathogens, including coronaviruses, astroviruses, and adenoviruses. Knowledge on the ecology of reservoir-borne viruses is critical for preventive approaches against zoonotic epidemics. We studied a maternity colony of Myotis myotis bats in the attic of a private house in a suburban neighborhood in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany,(More)
BACKGROUND Discrimination between primary and secondary dengue virus infection traditionally has been performed using the hemagglutination inhibition (HI) test. However, this test has practical limitations and disadvantages. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the ability of three ELISA-based methods (IgG avidity test, IgM/IgG ratio and IgG titer) to discriminate(More)
BACKGROUND Human herpesvirus type 8 (HHV-8) is hyperendemic in Amerindian populations, but its modes of transmission are unknown. METHODS Antibodies against either HHV-8 lytic antigen or HHV-8 latency-associated nuclear antigen (LANA) were detected, by immunofluorescence assays, in 339 Amerindians and 181 non-Amerindians from the Brazilian Amazon.(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to detect and identify human papillomavirus (HPV) genotypes on a population of women infected by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and to investigate the role of multiple infections on cervical dysplasia. METHODS Two hundred and fifty-five HIV-infected women were enrolled on a study to evaluate the prevalence of(More)
To investigate a possible role for human rhinovirus C in respiratory exacerbations of children with cystic fibrosis, we conducted microbiologic testing on respiratory specimens from 103 such patients in São Paulo, Brazil, during 2006-2007. A significant association was found between the presence of human rhinovirus C and respiratory exacerbations.
LETTERS tivitis during July–September 2007. Reported treatment included home remedies and a nonprescription, locally available, cream containing a sulfa drug. Review of municipal hospital records during June 1–September 30, 2007, identifi ed no additional cases of conjunctivitis. After the last case-patient died, 17 other persons were iden-tifi ed with(More)
A multiplex PCR method was developed to identify P. aeruginosa, B. cepacia complex, and S. maltophilia directly in sputum and oropharyngeal samples from CF patients. One hundred and six patients (53 male, and 53 female) attending our pulmonology clinic were studied from September 2000-April 2001. Two hundred and fifty-seven samples were cultured in(More)
UNLABELLED We previously showed that close relatives of human coronavirus 229E (HCoV-229E) exist in African bats. The small sample and limited genomic characterizations have prevented further analyses so far. Here, we tested 2,087 fecal specimens from 11 bat species sampled in Ghana for HCoV-229E-related viruses by reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR). Only(More)
A total of 316 samples of nasopharyngeal aspirate from infants up to two years of age with acute respiratory-tract illnesses were processed for detection of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) using three different techniques: viral isolation, direct immunofluorescence, and PCR. Of the samples, 36 (11.4%) were positive for RSV, considering the three(More)
An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay-based immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibody avidity test was evaluated by using sera from 57 patients with acute dengue infection. Overall, 55 of 57 patients were correctly classified (27 of 27 with primary dengue and 28 of 30 with secondary dengue). We conclude that the IgG avidity test can be useful for differentiating(More)