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Centrifugal countercurrent distribution (CCCD) in an aqueous two-phase system (TPS) is a resolute technique revealing sperm heterogeneity and for the estimation of the fertilizing potential of a given semen sample. However, separated sperm subpopulations have never been tested for their fertilizing ability yet. Here, we have compared sperm quality(More)
Administration of melatonin to advance the breeding season in sheep has been widely used, since this hormone conveys the photoperiodic signal to the reproductive neuroendocrine axis. An increased lambing percentage has been reported following such treatment during anoestrus, which could be mediated through a higher rate of embryonic survival, either by an(More)
To provide new insights into the mechanisms through which seminal plasma proteins (SPP) are able to protect spermatozoa, we tested the hypothesis that apoptosis can contribute to the negative effect of refrigeration on ram spermatozoa, and that SPP prevent this damage. Having proved the presence of key constituents of apoptosis-related pathways in ram sperm(More)
In previous studies we have shown that seminal plasma (SP) proteins can prevent and repair cold-shock membrane damage to ram spermatozoa. Three proteins of approximately 14, 20 and 22kDa, mainly responsible for this protective ability, were identified in ram SP. They are exclusively synthesized in the seminal vesicles and, consequently, named RSVP14, RSVP20(More)
The aim of this study was to assess the effect of melatonin implants administered in March on the ovarian cyclicity, ovulatory response and embryo production after repeated superovulation of selected high-prolificacy Rasa Aragonesa aged ewes. During the seasonal anestrus of two consecutive years, 113 superovulatory treatments have been performed. Ewes were(More)
This study examined the effects of melatonin and level of nutrition on embryo yield during anestrous and breeding season. Adult Rasa Aragonesa ewes were assigned randomly to one of the four treatment groups in two experiments using a 2x2x2 factorial design. Individuals were treated (+MEL) or not treated (-MEL) with a subcutaneous implant of melatonin for(More)
We recently demonstrated the presence of melatonin in ram seminal plasma and differences in its concentration in this fluid between the breeding and nonbreeding season. In this study, we investigate the hypothesis that in vitro treatment with melatonin affects ram sperm quality, and that this is reflected in the in vitro fertilization (IVF) results. Semen(More)
The reproductive seasonality of sheep suggests that melatonin receptors may be present in ram spermatozoa. The present study confirms the presence of melatonin MT(1) and MT(2) receptors. The MT(1) receptor was detected using immunocytochemistry, with four sperm subpopulations identified based on the following labelling patterns: (1) one small subpopulation(More)
The effect of melatonin implants administered during non-breeding season in Rasa Aragonesa rams on sperm motility parameters and other reproductive traits was assessed. In a first experiment, two Rasa Aragonesa rams were implanted (with melatonin group M), remaining other two males as control group (C). Semen of each group was collected from 1 May to 23(More)
BACKGROUND Some breeds of sheep are highly seasonal in terms of reproductive capability, and these changes are regulated by photoperiod and melatonin secretion. These changes affect the reproductive performance of rams, impairing semen quality and modifying hormonal profiles. Also, the antioxidant defence systems seem to be modulated by melatonin secretion,(More)