Adriana Casao

Learn More
We recently demonstrated the presence of melatonin in ram seminal plasma and differences in its concentration in this fluid between the breeding and nonbreeding season. In this study, we investigate the hypothesis that in vitro treatment with melatonin affects ram sperm quality, and that this is reflected in the in vitro fertilization (IVF) results. Semen(More)
The effect of melatonin implants administered during non-breeding season in Rasa Aragonesa rams on sperm motility parameters and other reproductive traits was assessed. In a first experiment, two Rasa Aragonesa rams were implanted (with melatonin group M), remaining other two males as control group (C). Semen of each group was collected from 1 May to 23(More)
BACKGROUND Some breeds of sheep are highly seasonal in terms of reproductive capability, and these changes are regulated by photoperiod and melatonin secretion. These changes affect the reproductive performance of rams, impairing semen quality and modifying hormonal profiles. Also, the antioxidant defence systems seem to be modulated by melatonin secretion,(More)
Centrifugal countercurrent distribution (CCCD) in an aqueous two-phase system (TPS) is a resolute technique revealing sperm heterogeneity and for the estimation of the fertilizing potential of a given semen sample. However, separated sperm subpopulations have never been tested for their fertilizing ability yet. Here, we have compared sperm quality(More)
Melatonin is a ubiquitous molecule found in a wide range of fluids, one of them being ram seminal plasma, in which it can reach higher concentrations than those found in blood, suggesting an extrapineal secretion by the reproductive tract. In order to identify the source of the melatonin found in ram seminal plasma, we first tried to determine whether the(More)
Administration of melatonin to advance the breeding season in sheep has been widely used, since this hormone conveys the photoperiodic signal to the reproductive neuroendocrine axis. An increased lambing percentage has been reported following such treatment during anoestrus, which could be mediated through a higher rate of embryonic survival, either by an(More)
In previous studies we have shown that seminal plasma (SP) proteins can prevent and repair cold-shock membrane damage to ram spermatozoa. Three proteins of approximately 14, 20 and 22kDa, mainly responsible for this protective ability, were identified in ram SP. They are exclusively synthesized in the seminal vesicles and, consequently, named RSVP14, RSVP20(More)
This study evaluated the effects of exogenous melatonin and level of nutrition on oocyte competence, in vitro fertilization (IVF), and early embryonic development in sheep during seasonal anoestrus (SA) and the reproductive season (RS). Adult Rasa Aragonesa ewes were assigned randomly to one of four treatment groups in two experiments based on a 2 x 2 x 2(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the localization of calmodulin (CaM) in ram sperm and the possible changes during in vitro capacitation (CA) and the ionophore-induced acrosome reaction (AR). Likewise, changes in intracellular calcium levels ([Ca(2+)](i)) were also analysed by using flow cytometry. CA was induced in vitro in a medium containing BSA,(More)
The study examined the effect of melatonin implants on in vivo pituitary responsiveness to GnRH in control, fully productive (5.7+/-0.4 years old, n=17) and aged (10.7+/-0.3 years old, n=14) ovariectomized, estradiol-treated Rasa Aragonesa ewes. On 27 February, eight ewes in each age group received a single implant containing 18 mg melatonin. On 10 April,(More)