Adriana C. Gittenberger-de Groot

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The epicardium and dorsal mesocardium are known to be the source of structures that form the wall of the coronary vessels. Because mouse knockout studies have shown that proper epicardial formation is also essential for myocardial development, we have studied in detail the migration and differentiation of epicardium-derived cells (EPDCs) within the(More)
Previous research has revealed that cells contributing to coronary vascular formation are derived from the dorsal mesocardium, however, the fate of these cells during consecutive stages of heart development is still unclear. We have conducted a study regarding the recruitment of vascular components and the subsequent differentiation into mature vessel wall(More)
OBJECTIVE To expand our knowledge concerning the effect of placental blood flow on human heart development, we used an embryonic chicken model in which extraembryonic blood flow was manipulated. METHODS First, one of the three major vitelline veins was ligated, while blood flow was visualized with Indian ink. In this way, we could study the effect of(More)
The formation of endocardial cushions in the atrioventricular (AV) canal of the rudimentary heart requires epithelial-to-mesenchymal cell transformation (EMT). This is a complex developmental process regulated by multiple extracellular signals and transduction pathways. A collagen gel assay, long used to examine endocardial cushion development in avian(More)
BACKGROUND Identifying molecular pathways regulating the development of pacemaking and coordinated heartbeat is crucial for a comprehensive mechanistic understanding of arrhythmia-related diseases. Elucidation of these pathways has been complicated mainly by an insufficient definition of the developmental structures involved in these processes and the(More)
Hemodynamics play an important role in cardiovascular development, and changes in blood flow can cause congenital heart malformations. The endothelium and endocardium are subjected to mechanical forces, of which fluid shear stress is correlated to blood flow velocity. The shear stress responsive genes lung Krüppel-like factor (KLF2), endothelin-1 (ET-1),(More)
Several techniques have been used to visualize the migration pattern of the epicardial cells from the proepicardial organ over the myocardial surface. As the epicardial cells contain keratin tonofilament bundles, we have incubated 92 whole-mount quail hearts with an anti-keratin antibody. This immunohistochemical method showed that the complete epicardial(More)
In this study, the distribution patterns of neural crest (NC) cells (NCCs) in the developing vascular system of the chick were thoroughly studied and examined for a correlation with smooth muscle cell differentiation and vascular morphogenesis. For this purpose, we performed long-term lineage tracing using quail-chick chimera techniques and premigratory NCC(More)
Aortic arch interruptions in humans and animal models are mainly caused by aberrant development of the fourth pharyngeal arch artery. Little is known about the maturation of this vessel during normal and abnormal development, which is the subject of this study. Tgfbeta2 knockout mice that present with fourth artery defects have been associated with(More)
Coronary arteries bring blood flow to the heart muscle. Understanding the developmental program of the coronary arteries provides insights into the treatment of coronary artery diseases. Multiple sources have been described as contributing to coronary arteries including the proepicardium, sinus venosus (SV), and endocardium. However, the developmental(More)