Adriana C. Gittenberger-de Groot

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The growth and differentiation factor transforming growth factor-beta2 (TGFbeta2) is thought to play important roles in multiple developmental processes. Targeted disruption of the TGFbeta2 gene was undertaken to determine its essential role in vivo. TGFbeta2-null mice exhibit perinatal mortality and a wide range of developmental defects for a single gene(More)
The epicardium and dorsal mesocardium are known to be the source of structures that form the wall of the coronary vessels. Because mouse knockout studies have shown that proper epicardial formation is also essential for myocardial development, we have studied in detail the migration and differentiation of epicardium-derived cells (EPDCs) within the(More)
The formation of endocardial cushions in the atrioventricular (AV) canal of the rudimentary heart requires epithelial-to-mesenchymal cell transformation (EMT). This is a complex developmental process regulated by multiple extracellular signals and transduction pathways. A collagen gel assay, long used to examine endocardial cushion development in avian(More)
OBJECTIVE To expand our knowledge concerning the effect of placental blood flow on human heart development, we used an embryonic chicken model in which extraembryonic blood flow was manipulated. METHODS First, one of the three major vitelline veins was ligated, while blood flow was visualized with Indian ink. In this way, we could study the effect of(More)
The heart consists of cells deriving from the cardiogenic plate and also from extracardiac sources. One of the major extracardiac contributions is given by the neural crest. The differentiation pathway and fate of the neural crest cells in the outflow tract have been followed over a prolonged period during outflow tract septation. We studied the role of the(More)
BACKGROUND Identifying molecular pathways regulating the development of pacemaking and coordinated heartbeat is crucial for a comprehensive mechanistic understanding of arrhythmia-related diseases. Elucidation of these pathways has been complicated mainly by an insufficient definition of the developmental structures involved in these processes and the(More)
In this study, the distribution patterns of neural crest (NC) cells (NCCs) in the developing vascular system of the chick were thoroughly studied and examined for a correlation with smooth muscle cell differentiation and vascular morphogenesis. For this purpose, we performed long-term lineage tracing using quail-chick chimera techniques and premigratory NCC(More)
Hemizygous deletion of chromosome 22q11 (del22q11) causes thymic, parathyroid, craniofacial and life-threatening cardiovascular birth defects in 1 in 4,000 infants. The del22q11 syndrome is likely caused by haploinsufficiency of TBX1, but its variable expressivity indicates the involvement of additional modifiers. Here, we report that absence of the Vegf164(More)
Hemodynamics play an important role in cardiovascular development, and changes in blood flow can cause congenital heart malformations. The endothelium and endocardium are subjected to mechanical forces, of which fluid shear stress is correlated to blood flow velocity. The shear stress responsive genes lung Krüppel-like factor (KLF2), endothelin-1 (ET-1),(More)
OBJECTIVES Decellularization of aortic valve allografts in advance of transplantation is a promising approach to overcome immune-induced early graft failure. In this study the effects of in vitro cell extraction on extracellular matrix molecules and in vivo remodeling of decellularized aortic valves were investigated in a heterotopic aortic valve rat(More)