Adriana C. Gittenberger-de Groot

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Vascular endothelial cadherin, VE-cadherin, mediates adhesion between endothelial cells and may affect vascular morphogenesis via intracellular signaling, but the nature of these signals remains unknown. Here, targeted inactivation (VEC-/-) or truncation of the beta-catenin-binding cytosolic domain (VECdeltaC/deltaC) of the VE-cadherin gene was found not to(More)
Coronary arteries bring blood flow to the heart muscle. Understanding the developmental program of the coronary arteries provides insights into the treatment of coronary artery diseases. Multiple sources have been described as contributing to coronary arteries including the proepicardium, sinus venosus (SV), and endocardium. However, the developmental(More)
Prx1 and Prx2 (previously called MHox and S8, respectively) are the members of a small subfamily of vertebrate homeobox genes expressed during embryogenesis from gastrulation onwards. We directly compared the expression domains of the Prx genes in detail in mouse and in addition some aspects of these patterns in chicken. In addition to the superficially(More)
The epicardium and dorsal mesocardium are known to be the source of structures that form the wall of the coronary vessels. Because mouse knockout studies have shown that proper epicardial formation is also essential for myocardial development, we have studied in detail the migration and differentiation of epicardium-derived cells (EPDCs) within the(More)
Changes in the distribution of extracellular matrix components have been investigated immunohistochemically during neural crest development in the rat. Inside the ectodermal epithelium basal lamina components are formed resulting in a separation of neurectoderm and epidermal ectoderm. Within the presumptive neural crest area fibronectin, hyaluronan and(More)
Reactivation of endogenous epicardium after ischemia The proepicardial-derived epicardium covers the myocardium and after a process of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) forms epicardium-derived cells (EPDCs). These cells migrate into the myocardium and show an essential role in the induction of the ventricular compact myocardium and the(More)
Recently, debate has arisen about the usefulness of cell tracking using iron oxide-labeled cells. Two important issues in determining the usefulness of cell tracking with MRI are generally overlooked; first, the effect of graft rejection in immunocompetent models, and second, the necessity for careful histological confirmation of the fate of the labeled(More)
In the development of a functional myocardium and formation of the coronary vasculature, epicardium-derived cells play an essential role. The proepicardial organ contributes to the developing coronary system by delivering mural cells to the endothelium-lined vessels. In search of genes that regulate the behavior of (pro)epicardial cells, the Ets-1 and Ets-2(More)
OBJECTIVE The number of patients with congenital heart disease who survive to adolescence and adulthood continues to increase. We review our experience with noninfectious intracranial aneurysms and cervicocephalic arterial dissections in patients with congenital heart disease, expanding the clinical spectrum of the cerebrovascular abnormalities that may be(More)
It is evident that hemodynamic factors have a dominant function already during early cardiogenesis. Flow and ensuing shear stress are sensed by endothelial cells by, ciliary modified, cytoskeletal deformation which then activates a number of subcellular structures and molecules. Shear stress dependent changes mostly converge towards NF kappa B signaling and(More)