Adriana C. Gittenberger-de Groot

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The epicardium and dorsal mesocardium are known to be the source of structures that form the wall of the coronary vessels. Because mouse knockout studies have shown that proper epicardial formation is also essential for myocardial development, we have studied in detail the migration and differentiation of epicardium-derived cells (EPDCs) within the(More)
Aortic arch interruptions in humans and animal models are mainly caused by aberrant development of the fourth pharyngeal arch artery. Little is known about the maturation of this vessel during normal and abnormal development, which is the subject of this study. Tgfbeta2 knockout mice that present with fourth artery defects have been associated with(More)
Coronary arteries bring blood flow to the heart muscle. Understanding the developmental program of the coronary arteries provides insights into the treatment of coronary artery diseases. Multiple sources have been described as contributing to coronary arteries including the proepicardium, sinus venosus (SV), and endocardium. However, the developmental(More)
BACKGROUND Identifying molecular pathways regulating the development of pacemaking and coordinated heartbeat is crucial for a comprehensive mechanistic understanding of arrhythmia-related diseases. Elucidation of these pathways has been complicated mainly by an insufficient definition of the developmental structures involved in these processes and the(More)
BACKGROUND Transforming growth factor-beta(2) (TGF-beta(2)) is a member of a family of growth factors with the potential to modify multiple processes. Mice deficient in the TGF-beta(2) gene die around birth and show a variety of defects of different organs, including the heart. METHODS AND RESULTS We studied the hearts of TGF-beta(2)-null mouse embryos(More)
Total anomalous pulmonary venous return (TAPVR) is a congenital heart defect inherited via complex genetic and/or environmental factors. We report detailed mapping in extended TAPVR kindreds and mutation analysis in TAPVR patients that implicate the PDGFRA gene in the development of TAPVR. Gene expression studies in mouse and chick embryos for both the(More)
In the present study, we investigated the modulatory role of the epicardium in myocardial and coronary development. Epicardial cell tracing experiments have shown that epicardium-derived cells are the source of interstitial myocardial fibroblasts, cushion mesenchyme, and smooth muscle cells. Epicardial outgrowth inhibition studies show abnormalities of the(More)
AIMS Currently, many potential cardiac revascularization therapies target the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) pathway, with variable success. Knowledge regarding the role of the VEGF/Notch/ephrinB2 cascade in (ab)normal coronary development will provide information on the subtle balance of VEGF signalling in coronary maturation and might enhance(More)
Changes in the distribution of extracellular matrix components have been investigated immunohistochemically during neural crest development in the rat. Inside the ectodermal epithelium basal lamina components are formed resulting in a separation of neurectoderm and epidermal ectoderm. Within the presumptive neural crest area fibronectin, hyaluronan and(More)
BACKGROUND Proper development of compact myocardium, coronary vessels, and Purkinje fibers depends on the presence of epicardium-derived cells (EPDCs) in embryonic myocardium. We hypothesized that adult human EPDCs might partly reactivate their embryonic program when transplanted into ischemic myocardium and improve cardiac performance after myocardial(More)