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The relationship between overt hypothyroidism and cardiovascular risk has been well documented and some data also suggest an association between cardiovascular risk and subclinical hypothyroidism. The aim of our study was to investigate, in a large cohort of euthyroid women, the association of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) within the normal reference(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, which can range from fatty liver alone to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis and cirrhosis, is related to insulin resistance. Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) may induce insulin resistance, and polymorphisms of its promoter have been associated with an increased release of this cytokine. We analyzed (1)(More)
BACKGROUND The metabolic syndrome is a cluster of abnormalities that is accompanied by a 2-fold increase in the risk of cardiovascular disease. Even if there is full agreement that lifestyle changes to induce weight loss are the first-line approach, the ideal diet for the treatment of the metabolic syndrome remains uncertain. OBJECTIVE The objective was(More)
The association of cancer with low serum total cholesterol is well established. Less clear is the relationship of cancer with the cholesterol distribution among the different lipoprotein classes. Conflicting results have been reported on low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and serum triglyceride levels in different(More)
Increased prevalence of impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) has been recently detected in patients with painful sensory neuropathy. To determine whether nerve abnormalities are present in IGT we investigated IGT subjects without clinical neuropathy. Nerve conduction studies (NCS) were performed in 12 subjects with IGT without symptoms and signs of neuropathy.(More)
OBJECTIVE Postprandial lipemia is generally studied after a test meal that provides most of the calories as fat and that does not reflect the common food intake. We investigated postprandial changes in serum triglycerides (TG) and in high-density lipoprotein (HDL) concentration and composition after a regular meal poor in fat (30% of calories). METHODS(More)
Lp(a) level is relatively stable in each individual and is mainly under genetic control. Attempts made to lower Lp(a) with pharmacological means gave conflicting results. In order to further evaluate the effect of hypocholesterolemic drugs on Lp(a) level, 66 patients with primary hypercholesterolemia were selected. The vast majority of the patients had(More)
Diabetes is a risk factor for the development of atherothrombosis and venous thromboembolism (VTE). We investigated whether plasma from patients with type 2 diabetes has an imbalance of pro- versus anti-coagulation resulting in hypercoagulability despite normal conventional coagulation tests. We analyzed blood samples from 60 patients with type 2 diabetes(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the relationship between alcohol intake and serum level of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) subfractions defined on the basis of their apolipoprotein A-I and A-II content (LpA-I and LpA-I: A-II). DESIGN Observational study. SETTING Institute of Internal Medicine and Medical Physiopathology, IRCCS Maggiore Hospital, University of(More)
OBJECTIVES The main effect of statins is the decrease of serum level of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, due to the inhibition of intracellular cholesterol biosynthesis which brings about an upregulation of LDL receptors. A minor effect is the decrease of serum triglycerides. The present study was undertaken to verify whether all statins are(More)