Adriana Bonomo

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Signaling through exposed phosphatidylserine (PS) is fundamental for the TGFbeta1-dependent, noninflammatory phagocytosis of apoptotic cells. This same mechanism operates in the internalization of amastigotes of Leishmania (L) amazonensis (L(L)a) in a process quoted as apoptotic mimicry. Now we show that the host modulates PS exposure by the amastigotes(More)
Programmed cell death by apoptosis of unnecessary or potentially harmful cells is clearly beneficial to multicellular organisms. Proper functioning of such a program demands that the removal of dying cells proceed without an inflammatory reaction. Phosphatidylserine (PS) is one of the ligands displayed by apoptotic cells that participates in their(More)
The maintenance of a benign chronic Toxoplasma gondii infection is mainly dependent on the persistent presence of gamma interferon (IFN-gamma) in the central nervous system (CNS). However, IFN-gamma-activated microglia are paradoxically involved in parasitism control and in tissue damage during a broad range of CNS pathologies. In this way, nitric oxide(More)
Characterization of infective metacyclic promastigotes of Leishmania spp can be an essential step in several experimental protocols. Metacyclic forms of all Leishmania species display a typical morphology with short, narrow cell body, and an elongated flagellum. This feature suggests that metacyclics can be distinguished from procyclic forms by(More)
CD4(+) T cells produce hematopoietic-related cytokines and are essential for hematopoiesis stimulation during infection and hematologic recovery after bone marrow transplantation. However, it remains unclear if T cells are necessary to maintain normal hematopoiesis. We report here that, in T-cell-deficient mice, terminal differentiation of myeloid(More)
Several T cell abnormalities have been described in the course of acute Trypanosoma cruzi infection in mice, including severe effects on the thymus. In the present study, looking at the expression of extracellular matrix ligands in the thymus, we observed that deposits of fibronectin and laminin increased progressively during the course of infection,(More)
AbstractNormal and leukemic blood cell progenitors depend upon the bone marrow (BM) stroma with which they communicate through soluble and membrane-anchored mediators, adhesive interactions and gap junctions (GJ). Regarding hematopoiesis, it is believed that it can be influenced by connexin expression, but the exact role of GJ in cell death and(More)
It has been shown that in vivo and in vitro treatment with G-CSF induces the generation of low-density granulocytes (LDGs), which copurify with PBMCs and inhibit IFN-gamma production by human T cells. These results prompted us to postulate an immunomodulatory role for LDGs in acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD). Here it is shown that in the mouse(More)
We have previously reported that exogenous bradykinin activates immature dendritic cells (DCs) via the bradykinin B(2) receptor (B(2)R), thereby stimulating adaptive immunity. In this study, we show that these premises are met in a model of s.c. infection by Trypanosoma cruzi, a protozoan that liberates kinins from kininogens through its major protease,(More)
AIMS Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor (G-CSF), which mobilizes hemopoietic stem cells (HSC), is believed to protect HSC graft recipients from graft-versus-host disease by enhancing Th2 cytokine secretion. Accordingly, G-CSF should aggravate Th2-dependent allergic pulmonary inflammation and the associated eosinophilia. We evaluated the effects of G-CSF(More)