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This review describes the enzymes involved in human pyridine nucleotide metabolism starting with a detailed consideration of their major kinetic, molecular and structural properties. The presentation encompasses all the reactions starting from the de novo pyridine ring formation and leading to nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) synthesis and(More)
A number of metal-catalyzed oxidation (MCO) systems mediate the oxidative inactivation of enzymes. This oxidation is accompanied by conversion of the side chains of some amino acid residues to carbonyl derivatives (for review, see Stadtman, E. R. (1986) Trends Biochem. Sci. 11, 11-12). To identify the amino acid residues which are sensitive to MCO(More)
Twelve seed specimens of varying ages and from different archaeological sites were analyzed for the presence of polymerized DNA and RNA. Amongst the samples tested, one of Vitis vinifera from an archaeological site in Iran (2,000–3,000 B.C.) was found to be completely devoid of nucleic acids. Zea mais seeds of Precolumbial age from Peru (about 800 A.D.)(More)
Human erythrocyte pyrimidine 5′-nucleotidase, PN-I, catalyzes the dephosphorylation of pyrimidine nucleoside monophosphates. The enzyme also possesses phosphotransferase activity, transferring phosphate groups between pyrimidine nucleoside monophosphates and various pyrimidine nucleosides. Deficiency of the enzyme activity is associated with a hemolytic(More)
Mycoplasma-like bodies have been described in the parenchyma and companion cells of the phloem in roots of rice (Oryza sativa) plants affected by yellows-type disease. Electron microscopy autoradiographic study has shown that these forms of mycoplasmalike bodies, rich in ribosomes, incorporate thymidine-3H. This fact suggests that these organisms are(More)
The DNAs of several plant viruses were analyzed for the presence of alternating purine-pyrimidine sequences that can potentially undergo B to Z transition. The DNA of the caulimoviruses (plant retroviruses) was compared with that of the geminiviruses, with the cDNA of an RNA plant virus, and with several computer-generated random sequences. Our analysis(More)
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