Adriana A Kolender

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Aqueous extraction of gametophytic Schizymenia binderi afforded a polysaccharide composed of galactose and sulfate groups in a molar ratio of 1.0:0.89 together with uronic acids (6.8 wt%) and minor amounts of other neutral sugars. Alkali-treatment of the polysaccharide afforded a polysaccharide devoid of 3,6-anhydrogalactose. 13C NMR spectroscopy of the(More)
Structural analysis of two xylomannans extracted from Nothogenia fastigiata was carried out. The results are consistent with the general pattern previously reported for other xylo-mannans of the same system, alpha-(1-->3)-linked D-mannans 2- and 6-sulfated and having single stubs of beta-(1-->2)-linked D-xylose, but one of the new samples contains a(More)
The structures of two alpha-(1-->3)-alpha-D-xylo-mannans were determined. The different antiviral activity of the xylo-mannans from Nothogenia fastigiata was explained on the basis of a flexible backbone, molecular size, content and distribution of sulfate groups and of the single stubs of beta-(1-->2)-linked D-xylose.
2-Amino-2,3-dideoxy-D-manno-heptonic acid (7) has been synthesized from 2,5,6,7-tetra-O-acetyl-3-deoxy-D-gluco-heptono-1,4-lactone (1), which was readily prepared from D-glycero-D-gulo-heptono-1,4-lactone. O-Deacetylation of 1 followed by treatment with 13:1 (v/v) 2,2-dimethoxypropane/acetone in the presence of p-toluenesulfonic acid gave methyl(More)
Matrix-assisted ultraviolet laser-desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UV-MALDI-TOF-MS) was applied to sulfated xylo-mannan fractions from Nothogenia fastigiata in order to determine their molecular weights and distribution profiles. The number-average molecular weight calculated from the spectra was similar to that determined by chemical(More)
A desulfation method using chlorotrimethylsilane for treatment of pyridinium salts of sulfated galactans was developed. It proved to be appropriate for desulfation of polysaccharides of both agar and carrageenan families. In order to evaluate its efficiency in presence of the maximum content of 3,6-anhydrogalactose, it was applied to commercial(More)
The water-soluble polysaccharides from Georgiella confluens, collected in Antarctica, were fractionated with cetrimide. The complexed material was subjected to fractional solubilization in solutions of increasing sodium chloride concentration. The initially extracted polysaccharide and the major fraction isolated, soluble in 0.5 M NaCl, were studied. These(More)
The successful analysis by ultraviolet matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UV-MALDI-TOF MS) of native and hydrolyzed high-methoxylated pectin samples is described. In order to find the optimal conditions for UV-MALDI-TOF MS analysis several experimental variables were studied such as: different UV-MALDI matrices(More)
Three xylan fractions isolated from the red seaweed Nothogenia fastigiata (Nemaliales) were analyzed by ultraviolet matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UV-MALDI-TOFMS). UV-MALDI-TOFMS was carried out in the linear and reflectron modes, and as routine in the positive and negative ion modes. Of the several matrices(More)
Aminoalditol 1-amino-1-deoxy-D-sorbitol (1) was readily converted into 2,3,4,5-tetra-O-methyl derivative 5, a key precursor of a sugar-based [n]-polyurethane. For the polymerization, the free amino or primary hydroxyl groups of 5 were selectively activated and employed as starting monomers in two alternative procedures. Thus, the amino function of 5 was(More)
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