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Interleukin-12 is critical to the pathogenesis of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis in multiple species. Interleukin-10, a dominant endogenous inhibitor of interleukin-12, is largely protective in these experimental surrogates for multiple sclerosis. Such data have suggested that an interleukin-12/interleukin-10 immunoregulatory circuit is a key(More)
PURPOSE A novel nanomedicine, CYT-6091, constructed by simultaneously binding recombinant human tumor necrosis factor alpha (rhTNF) and thiolyated polyethylene glycol to the surface of 27-nm colloidal gold particles, was tested in a phase I dose escalation clinical trial in advanced stage cancer patients. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN CYT-6091, whose dosing was(More)
Among vaccine-preventable diseases, measles is the preeminent killer of children worldwide. Infection with measles virus (MV) is associated with prolonged suppression of cell-mediated immune responses, a phenomenon that is thought to underlie the susceptibility to secondary infections that accounts for most measles-related mortality. Interleukin (IL)-12 is(More)
Interferon-beta is a remarkably pleiotropic molecule. Antiviral, pro- and antiproliferative, pro- and antiapoptotic, and complex immunoregulatory activities have all been described. The precise mechanism(s) that underlie the beneficial effects of interferon-beta in multiple sclerosis remain poorly understood; this has hindered progress in the search for(More)
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