Learn More
Objective. Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) isa chronic and heterogeneous autoimmune disease. Both twin and sibling studies indicate a strong genetic contribution to lupus, but in the majority of cases the pathogenic variant remains to be identified. The genetic contribution to disease is likely to be greatest in cases with early onset and severe(More)
Chemokines and their cognate receptors have been identified as major factors initiating and governing cell movement and interaction. These ligands and their receptors are expressed on a wide variety of cells and act during steady-state migration as well as inflammatory recruitment. CCR6 is a non-promiscuous chemokine receptor that has only one known(More)
The therapeutic targeting of pro-inflammatory TNF with neutralising biological anti-TNF agents, often in combination with other disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs, such as the purine synthesis inhibitor methotrexate has been the first major break-through in the treatment of chronic inflammatory diseases in decades. There are however, side effects and(More)
The CC-chemokine receptor 6 (CCR6) can be detected on naive and activated B cells. Counterintuitively, its absence accelerates the appearance of germinal centres (GCs) and increases the production of low-affinity antibodies. The detailed mechanism of CCR6 function during the humoral response has remained elusive, but previously we identified a distinct(More)
Chemokines and their receptors are vital for the trafficking of immune cells. In an orchestrated fashion, up- and down-regulation of chemokines and their receptors contribute to both immune system homeostasis as well as inflammation. The CC chemokine, CCL20 and its cognate receptor, CCR6, are described as one of the few chemokine-receptor pairs that show(More)
BACKGROUND Direct access colonoscopy (DAC) allows general practitioners to refer directly for colonoscopy, without specialist review. Research suggests DAC reduces times to diagnosis and treatment of colorectal cancer. However, there is no information about outcomes of DAC in Australia. AIMS To determine if Direct Access Colonoscopy (DAC) in North-West(More)
B cells are known to play a dominant pathogenic role in autoimmune conditions such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and rheumatoid arthritis. In recent times, the chemokine receptor CCR6 and its cognate ligand CCL20 have been shown to play a role in the fundamental kinetics of germinal centres and B cell responses. As CCR6 is found on B cells and is(More)
BACKGROUND Children have infections more frequently than adults. It may, therefore, be difficult to identify the rare child with immunodeficiency among the many who have recurrent infections but who have a normal immune system. OBJECTIVE The focus of this article will be on differentiating normal children from those with childhood primary(More)
Anti-Ro52/tripartite motif-containing 21 (TRIM21) is a ubiquitous antibody found in a number of systemic autoimmune conditions including Sjögren’s syndrome, systemic lupus erythematosus and systemic sclerosis, appearing in about half of these patients. Once coupled with its closely related antibody, anti-Ro60 as the anti-SSA antibody, anti-Ro52 is emerging(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine coroner's reports of completed suicide in Tasmania with the intention of characterizing the influence of gender and other factors. METHOD One hundred coroner's reports from Tasmania 2010-2012 were examined and basic demographic details (age, gender), suicide method, medical, psychiatric, psychosocial and drug factors were collected.(More)