Adrian Y. S. Lee

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Chemokines and their cognate receptors have been identified as major factors initiating and governing cell movement and interaction. These ligands and their receptors are expressed on a wide variety of cells and act during steady-state migration as well as inflammatory recruitment. CCR6 is a non-promiscuous chemokine receptor that has only one known(More)
Objective. Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) isa chronic and heterogeneous autoimmune disease. Both twin and sibling studies indicate a strong genetic contribution to lupus, but in the majority of cases the pathogenic variant remains to be identified. The genetic contribution to disease is likely to be greatest in cases with early onset and severe(More)
The therapeutic targeting of pro-inflammatory TNF with neutralising biological anti-TNF agents, often in combination with other disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs, such as the purine synthesis inhibitor methotrexate has been the first major break-through in the treatment of chronic inflammatory diseases in decades. There are however, side effects and(More)
The CC-chemokine receptor 6 (CCR6) can be detected on naive and activated B cells. Counterintuitively, its absence accelerates the appearance of germinal centres (GCs) and increases the production of low-affinity antibodies. The detailed mechanism of CCR6 function during the humoral response has remained elusive, but previously we identified a distinct(More)
Chemokines and their receptors are vital for the trafficking of immune cells. In an orchestrated fashion, up- and down-regulation of chemokines and their receptors contribute to both immune system homeostasis as well as inflammation. The CC chemokine, CCL20 and its cognate receptor, CCR6, are described as one of the few chemokine-receptor pairs that show(More)
BACKGROUND Knowledge and understanding of basic biomedical sciences remain essential to medical practice, particularly when faced with the continual advancement of diagnostic and therapeutic modalities. Evidence suggests, however, that retention tends to atrophy across the span of an average medical course and into the early postgraduate years, as(More)
OBJECTIVE Our aim was (1) to examine global and Australian data with a view to determining the presence of an inverse relationship between suicide and homicide rates, and (2) to examine global Human Development Index (HDI) values and suicide and homicide rates, with a view to determining any statistical relationship. METHOD Suicide and homicide rates and(More)
BACKGROUND Suicide may be conceptualized as an escape from intolerable predicaments, in particular, mental illness and environmental stressors. The operationalized predicaments of suicide (OPS) is a 4 category framework designed to assist in the classification of suicide. The objective was to examine whether this framework is potentially useful. METHODS(More)