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Prediction equations for normal lung function have been derived from tests on 179 healthy, non-smoking, white urban dwellers. The subjects, 96 women (height 1.46-1.77 m) and 83 men (height 1.61-1.96 m) aged 18-86 years, underwent measurements of spirometric flow and volume, multi-breath helium dilution lung volumes, and single breath carbon monoxide(More)
A retrospective analysis was carried out on a consecutive series of 181 percutaneous fine needle aspiration biopsies of discrete pulmonary lesions, in which the outcome was established in 95%. In primary bronchial carcinoma the technique had a sensitivity of 86%. There was no relationship between the size, location, or radiological appearance of the lesion(More)
1. The ventilatory response to maximal incremental exercise and the accompanying sensation of breathlessness were studied after the inhalation of 0.9% sodium chloride (saline) and 5% bupivacaine aerosols in six patients with interstitial lung disease. 2. The adequacy of airway anaesthesia induced by bupivacaine aerosol was confirmed by the absence of the(More)
The effect on ventilation of airway anaesthesia, produced by the inhalation of a 5% bupivacaine aerosol (aerodynamic mass median diameter = 4.77 micron), was studied in 12 normal subjects. The dose and distribution of the aerosol were determined from lung scans after the addition to bupivacaine of 99mTc. Bupivacaine labelled in this way was deposited(More)
To determine whether the Hering-Breuer inflation reflex could be demonstrated in the presence and absence of behavioral influences on breathing, lung inflation was performed via the tracheal stoma in eleven laryngectomized subjects: seven seated at rest with their eyes closed and six recumbent during their deepest non-rapid eye movement sleep.(More)
Tidal volume (VT), and inspiratory (tI) AND EXPIRATORY (TE) durations have been measured in anaesthetized cats on stimulation of alveolar type J (nociceptive) and lung irritant receptors by intravenous injections of phenyl diguanide and of histamine acid phosphate respectively. The reflexes were studied during eupnoea, hypercapnic and hypoxic hyperpnoea,(More)
The respiratory and cardiovascular effects of capsaicin injection into the superior vena cava and an arm vein were studied in three normal subjects. No changes were seen in tidal volume, inspiratory time or expiratory time after capsaicin injection. Instantaneous heart rate, systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure remained unchanged. Central(More)
Cigarette smoke-induced emphysema is thought to involve reduction of antielastolytic capacity, resulting in elevated elastase activity and lung tissue damage. Peripheral lavage collected from ten asymptomatic subjects immediately before and 20 min after smoking two high tar cigarettes was analysed for neutrophil elastase (NE) inhibitory capacity (IC), alpha(More)