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The herpesvirus saimiri open reading frame (ORF) 50 encodes two proteins, which activate transcription directly, following interactions with delayed-early (DE) promoters containing a specific motif. In this report, we demonstrate that ORF 50 contains a DNA binding domain that has homology to an AT hook DNA binding motif. Deletion analysis of this domain(More)
gamma-2 herpes viruses, which include Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpes virus, are an important subfamily of herpes virus because of their oncogenic potential. Herpes virus saimiri (HVS) is the prototype gamma-2 herpes virus and is a useful model to study the basic mechanisms of lytic replication in this subfamily. Like all herpes viruses, HVS has two(More)
The methyl-directed long patch repair pathway in Escherichia coli is involved in increasing the fidelity of replication specific repair of DNA polymerase incorporation errors. This pathway is mediated by three gene products, MutS, MutL, and MutH, which are conserved in higher eukaryotes. Mutations in human homologues of these proteins have been shown to be(More)
The mRNA species encoding the herpesvirus saimiri (HVS) homolog of the Epstein-Barr virus R transcriptional activator (termed ORF50) have been identified and used to determine transcriptional start sites within the gene. The first transcript is spliced and starts from a promoter within ORF49 containing a single intron; the second is produced from a promoter(More)
Recent advances in proteomics have been combined with traditional methods for isolation of nucleoli from mammalian and plant cells. This approach has confirmed the growing body of data showing a wide role for the nucleolus in eukaryotic cell biology beyond ribosome generation into many areas of cell function from regulation of the cell cycle, modulation of(More)
Herpesviruses occur in two distinct forms of infection, lytic replication and latent persistence. In this study, we investigated the molecular mechanisms that govern the latent-lytic switch in the prototype gamma-2 herpesvirus, herpesvirus saimiri (HVS). We utilized a persistently HVS-infected A549 cell line, in which HVS DNA is stably maintained as(More)
The transformation-associated region of herpesvirus saimiri strains is variable, whereas other parts of the virus genome are highly conserved. However, we observed considerable interstrain sequence divergence of the early viral regulatory orf50 gene, which encodes the R transactivator, a homolog of Epstein-Barr virus BRLF1. The orf50 gene of strain C488 was(More)
Viruses continue to pose some of the greatest threats to human and animal health, and food security worldwide. Therefore, new approaches are required to increase our understanding of virus-host cell interactions and subsequently design more effective therapeutic countermeasures. Quantitative proteomics based on stable isotope labeling by amino acids in cell(More)
Herpesvirus saimiri ORF 50a protein expression is sufficient to reactivate the entire lytic-replication cycle. ORF 50a functions as a sequence-specific transactivator that is capable of activating delayed-early gene expression via direct binding to an ORF 50 response element (RE) within the respective promoter. Here, it is shown that ORF 50a is capable of(More)
The hTREX complex mediates cellular bulk mRNA nuclear export by recruiting the nuclear export factor, TAP, via a direct interaction with the export adaptor, Aly. Intriguingly however, depletion of Aly only leads to a modest reduction in cellular mRNA nuclear export, suggesting the existence of additional mRNA nuclear export adaptor proteins. In order to(More)