Adrian Whitehouse

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The Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) replication and transcription activator (RTA) protein regulates the latent-lytic switch by transactivating a variety of KSHV lytic and cellular promoters. RTA is a novel E3 ubiquitin ligase that targets a number of transcriptional repressor proteins for degradation by the ubiquitin proteasome pathway.(More)
The mRNA species encoding the herpesvirus saimiri (HVS) homolog of the Epstein-Barr virus R transcriptional activator (termed ORF50) have been identified and used to determine transcriptional start sites within the gene. The first transcript is spliced and starts from a promoter within ORF49 containing a single intron; the second is produced from a promoter(More)
A cellular pre-mRNA undergoes various post-transcriptional processing events, including capping, splicing and polyadenylation prior to nuclear export. Splicing is particularly important for mRNA nuclear export as two distinct multi-protein complexes, known as human TREX (hTREX) and the exon-junction complex (EJC), are recruited to the mRNA in a(More)
Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a highly aggressive nonmelanoma skin cancer arising from epidermal mechanoreceptor Merkel cells. In 2008, a novel human polyomavirus, Merkel cell polyomavirus (MCPyV), was identified and is strongly implicated in MCC pathogenesis. Currently, little is known regarding the virus-host cell interactions which support virus(More)
We have previously demonstrated that open reading frame (ORF) 50 and ORF 57 encode transcriptional regulating genes in herpesvirus saimiri. ORF 50, a homolog of Epstein-Barr virus R protein, is a sequence-specific transactivator, whereas ORF 57 acts posttranscriptionally. In this report, we demonstrate that the ORF 57 gene is regulated by the ORF 50a gene(More)
The herpesvirus saimiri (HVS) immediate-early gene product encoded by open reading frame (ORF) 57 shares limited amino acid homology with HSV-1 ICP27 and Epstein-Barr virus BMLF1, both regulatory proteins. The ORF 57 gene has been proposed to be spliced based on the genome sequence, and here we confirm the intron-exon structure of the gene. We also(More)
HVS (herpesvirus saimiri) is the prototype gamma-2 herpesvirus. This is a subfamily of herpesviruses gaining importance since the identification of the first human gamma-2 herpesvirus, Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus. The HVS ORF 57 (open reading frame 57) protein is a multifunctional transregulatory protein homologous with genes identified in all(More)
Reactivation of lytic replication from viral latency is a defining property of all herpesviruses. Despite this, the authentic physiological cues for the latent-lytic switch are unclear. Such cues should ensure that viral lytic replication occurs under physiological conditions, predominantly in sites which facilitate transmission to permissive uninfected(More)
Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) expresses numerous intronless mRNAs that are unable to access splicing-dependent cellular mRNA nuclear export pathways. To circumvent this problem, KSHV encodes the open reading frame 57 (ORF57) protein, which orchestrates the formation of an export-competent virus ribonucleoprotein particle comprising the(More)
The herpesvirus saimiri open reading frame (ORF) 50 encodes two proteins, which activate transcription directly, following interactions with delayed-early (DE) promoters containing a specific motif. In this report, we demonstrate that ORF 50 contains a DNA binding domain that has homology to an AT hook DNA binding motif. Deletion analysis of this domain(More)