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The herpesvirus saimiri open reading frame (ORF) 50 encodes two proteins, which activate transcription directly, following interactions with delayed-early (DE) promoters containing a specific motif. In this report, we demonstrate that ORF 50 contains a DNA binding domain that has homology to an AT hook DNA binding motif. Deletion analysis of this domain(More)
gamma-2 herpes viruses, which include Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpes virus, are an important subfamily of herpes virus because of their oncogenic potential. Herpes virus saimiri (HVS) is the prototype gamma-2 herpes virus and is a useful model to study the basic mechanisms of lytic replication in this subfamily. Like all herpes viruses, HVS has two(More)
The methyl-directed long patch repair pathway in Escherichia coli is involved in increasing the fidelity of replication specific repair of DNA polymerase incorporation errors. This pathway is mediated by three gene products, MutS, MutL, and MutH, which are conserved in higher eukaryotes. Mutations in human homologues of these proteins have been shown to be(More)
The mRNA species encoding the herpesvirus saimiri (HVS) homolog of the Epstein-Barr virus R transcriptional activator (termed ORF50) have been identified and used to determine transcriptional start sites within the gene. The first transcript is spliced and starts from a promoter within ORF49 containing a single intron; the second is produced from a promoter(More)
HVS (herpesvirus saimiri) is the prototype gamma-2 herpesvirus. This is a subfamily of herpesviruses gaining importance since the identification of the first human gamma-2 herpesvirus, Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus. The HVS ORF 57 (open reading frame 57) protein is a multifunctional transregulatory protein homologous with genes identified in all(More)
The nucleolus is the largest subnuclear structure and is plurifunctional in nature. Here, we demonstrate that nucleolar localization of a key herpesvirus regulatory protein is essential for its role in virus mRNA nuclear export. The herpesvirus saimiri ORF57 protein is a nucleocytoplasmic shuttle protein that is conserved in all herpesviruses and(More)
Recent advances in proteomics have been combined with traditional methods for isolation of nucleoli from mammalian and plant cells. This approach has confirmed the growing body of data showing a wide role for the nucleolus in eukaryotic cell biology beyond ribosome generation into many areas of cell function from regulation of the cell cycle, modulation of(More)
Herpesviruses occur in two distinct forms of infection, lytic replication and latent persistence. In this study, we investigated the molecular mechanisms that govern the latent-lytic switch in the prototype gamma-2 herpesvirus, herpesvirus saimiri (HVS). We utilized a persistently HVS-infected A549 cell line, in which HVS DNA is stably maintained as(More)
The transformation-associated region of herpesvirus saimiri strains is variable, whereas other parts of the virus genome are highly conserved. However, we observed considerable interstrain sequence divergence of the early viral regulatory orf50 gene, which encodes the R transactivator, a homolog of Epstein-Barr virus BRLF1. The orf50 gene of strain C488 was(More)
Herpesvirus saimiri (HVS) establishes a persistent infection in which the viral genome persists as a circular non-integrated episome. ORF73 tethers HVS episomes to host mitotic chromosomes, allowing episomal persistence via an interaction with the chromosome-associated protein, MeCP2. Here we demonstrate that ORF73 also interacts with the linker histone H1(More)