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To determine the risk of active tuberculosis associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, we prospectively studied 520 intravenous drug users enrolled in a methadone-maintenance program. Tuberculin skin testing and testing for HIV antibody were performed in all subjects. Forty-nine of 217 HIV-seropositive subjects (23 percent) and 62 of 303(More)
OBJECTIVE Recent advances in neurosurgical treatment of traumatic and birth-related brachial plexus injuries require differentiation of preganglionic nerve rootlet avulsion from postganglionic lesions. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of thin-section high-resolution CT myelography for revealing cervicothoracic nerve rootlet avulsion in(More)
Disruption of the biliary tree after laparoscopic cholecystectomy has been reported in 0-7% of cases, and likely represents the most significant postoperative complication. Documenting the presence and extent of a bile leak is often difficult. We reviewed the first 264 laparoscopic cholecystectomies performed at our institution and found seven cases of bile(More)
A patient presented with transoral hemorrhage 3 months after CT-guided percutaneous biopsy of the masticator space, prompting concern about sentinel hemorrhage from impending carotid artery rupture related to prior radical head and neck surgery and radiation therapy. Angiographic evaluation showed the internal carotid artery to be normal but demonstrated a(More)
The reported prevalence of biliary tract disruption following laparoscopic cholecystectomy has ranged from 0% to 7% in early reports. We have reviewed the first 823 laparoscopic cholecystectomies performed at our institution and found 13 symptomatic biliary complications necessitating further therapy (prevalence 1.6%). This finding represents a decrease(More)
Familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH) is a dominantly inherited disorder present from birth that causes marked elevation in plasma cholesterol and premature coronary heart disease. It is estimated that there are at 40 million people with FH worldwide, but most remain unrecognised and inadequately treated. To bridge this gap in coronary prevention several(More)
The efficacy of using unenhanced head computed tomography (CT scans) as a routine screening procedure prior to lumbar puncture in the emergency department is studied retrospectively by comparing opening pressure during lumbar puncture to CT scan diagnosis in 42 patients. No correlation was found between CT scan findings and opening pressure.
PURPOSE To determine if functional popliteal entrapment can occur in healthy subjects and to define the mechanism of vascular compression. MATERIALS AND METHODS The right lower extremities were examined in 13 subjects (nine men 27-34 years of age, mean age 31 years; four women 29-44 years of age, mean age 34 years) with no symptoms of popliteal artery(More)
The role of vitamin D metabolism in the humoral hypercalcemia of malignancy syndrome (HHM) is unclear. We studied in vivo and in vitro effects of synthetic parathyroid hormone-like peptides (PTH-LPs) on rodent renal 25-OHD-1 alpha-hydroxylase activity. Infusion of mice with PTH-LP-(1-36) at 10 pmol/h for 12 and 24 h showed significant (429 +/- 139% and 937(More)