Adrian Muenscher

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ClC-2 is a broadly expressed plasma membrane chloride channel that is modulated by voltage, cell swelling, and pH. A human mutation leading to a heterozygous loss of ClC-2 has previously been reported to be associated with epilepsy, whereas the disruption of Clcn2 in mice led to testicular and retinal degeneration. We now show that the white matter of the(More)
Human Bartter syndrome IV is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by congenital deafness and severe renal salt and fluid loss. It is caused by mutations in BSND, which encodes barttin, a beta-subunit of ClC-Ka and ClC-Kb chloride channels. Inner-ear-specific disruption of Bsnd in mice now reveals that the positive potential, but not the high(More)
There is a need to develop new, more efficient therapies for head and neck cancer (HNSCC) patients. It is currently unclear whether defects in DNA repair genes play a role in HNSCCs' resistance to therapy. PARP1 inhibitors (PARPi) were found to be "synthetic lethal" in cancers deficient in BRCA1/2 with impaired homologous recombination. Since tumors rarely(More)
BACKGROUND HER2 is a target for antibody-based treatment of breast and gastric carcinoma which is highly successful in advanced disease as well as in the adjuvant setting. To determine the potential applicability of such therapies, salivary gland tumours were analysed for HER2 overexpression/amplification in this study. METHODS A tissue microarray (TMA)(More)
Xerostomia is a debilitating side effect of radiotherapy in patients with head and neck cancer. We undertook a prospective study of the effect on xerostomia and outcomes of sparing one or both parotid glands during radiotherapy for patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck. Patients with locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the head(More)
Mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC) is the most common malignant salivary gland tumor. Translocation t(11;19)(q21;p13) involving the MECT1 and MAML2 genes has been suggested as a diagnostic marker in these tumors. To determine the specificity of 11q21 locus rearrangements for MEC, fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis with specific MEC-I Dual Color Break(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE HPV-positive HNSCC cells are characterized by radiosensitivity, inefficient DNA double-strand break repair and a profound and prolonged arrest in G2. Here we explored the effect of clinically relevant inhibitors of Chk1 and Wee1 to inhibit the radiation-induced G2-arrest in order to achieve further radiosensitization. MATERIAL AND(More)
BACKGROUND Generally, overall treatment time for patients with locally advanced head and neck cancer should be as short as reasonably possible. This analysis was undertaken to determine at what overall treatment time additional survival/locoregional control benefits could be achieved compared to a 100-day cutoff. METHODS Clinical impact of overall(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Thyroid hormones (THs) regulate many developmental processes, including the developmental onset of cochlear differentiation and function. TH action is mediated mostly by triiodothyronine (T3) bound to thyroid hormone nuclear receptors (TRs). At positive regulated genes and in the absence of THs, nuclear co-repressors are bound to TRs and(More)
AIMS Epidermal growth factor (EGFR) is involved in angiogenesis, cell differentiation, proliferation and progression of many cancers and is an important therapy target in lung and colorectal cancer. To determine the potential applicability of EGFR targeted therapies, EGFR status of over 800 salivary gland tumors of different entities were analyzed on DNA(More)