Adrian M. McCall

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We determined the extent to which additional binding energy could be achieved by diversifying the complementarity determining regions (CDRs) located in the center of the antibody combining site of C6.5, a human single-chain Fv (scFv) isolated from a non-immune phage library which binds the tumor antigen c-erbB-2. CDR3 of the light (V(L)) and heavy (V(H))(More)
  • G P Adams, R Schier, +5 authors L M Weiner
  • Cancer research
  • 2001
Antitumor monoclonal antibodies must bind to tumor antigens with high affinity to achieve durable tumor retention. This has spurred efforts to generate high affinity antibodies for use in cancer therapy. However, it has been hypothesized that very high affinity interactions between antibodies and tumor antigens may impair efficient tumor penetration of the(More)
The use of antibodies to target tumor antigens has had limited success, partially due to the large size of IgG molecules, difficulties in constructing smaller single chain Fv (scFv) antibody fragments, and immunogenicity of murine antibodies. These limitations can be overcome by selecting human scFv directly from non-immune or semi-synthetic phage antibody(More)
Single-chain Fv (scFv) molecules exhibit highly specific tumour-targeting properties in tumour-bearing mice. However, because of their smaller size and monovalent binding, the quantities of radiolabelled scFv retained in tumours limit their therapeutic applications. Diabodies are dimeric antibody-based molecules composed of two non-covalently associated(More)
For in vitro evolution of protein function, we previously proposed using parsimonious mutagenesis (PM), a technique where mutagenic oligodeoxynucleotides (oligo) are designed to minimize coding sequence redundancy and limit the number of amino acid (aa) residues which do not retain parental structural features. For this work, PM was used to increase the(More)
Fcγ receptor (FcγR) engagement is pivotal for many effector functions of macrophages, polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN), and natural killer (NK) cells. Mice transgenic for the A and B isoforms of human (h) FcγRIII on macrophages, PMN, and NK cells were constructed to permit the study of mechanisms and potential in vivo strategies to utilize the cytotoxic(More)
Mr 25,000 single-chain Fv (scFv) molecules are rapidly eliminated from the circulation of immunodeficient mice, yielding highly specific retention of small quantities of scFv in human tumor xenografts. We postulated that the specific retention of scFv in tumor could be enhanced by engineering significant increases in the affinity of the scFv for its target(More)
In this study, naturally-occurring, monoclonal IgM kappa anti-thymocyte autoantibodies from the neonatal inbred Balb/c mouse-derived hybridoma NMT-1 (NMT-1 mAb), previously reported to identify a restricted CD4+CD8+CD3/lo/int thymocyte subpopulation, have been shown to exhibit extensive polyspecificity. Using immunofluorescence, immunoblotting and antibody(More)
We tested the hypothesis that bispecific Abs (Bsab) with increased binding affinity for tumor Ags augment retargeted antitumor cytotoxicity. We report that an increase in the affinity of Bsab for the HER2/neu Ag correlates with an increase in the ability of the Bsab to promote retargeted cytotoxicity against HER2/neu-positive cell lines. A series of(More)
Examination of the nuclear reactivities of monoclonal IgM kappa autoantibodies, secreted by GFM-5 1B12 and NU-6 1F12 hybridomas derived from germ-free and nude mice, respectively, demonstrated homogeneous nuclear immunofluorescence staining patterns consistent with the recognition of histones. Under these conditions, GFM-5 1B12 and NU-6 1F12 mAbs produced(More)