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OBJECTIVES This study sought to explore the role of new biomarkers in heart failure (HF). BACKGROUND We investigated the utility of novel serum markers alone or together with natriuretic peptide testing for diagnosis and short-term prognosis estimation in subjects with acute HF. METHODS Plasma levels of amino-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide(More)
Chloroform (CF, CHCl(3)) is a recalcitrant and toxic environmental pollutant. In this communication we report for the first time a microbial community capable of complete CF dechlorination by metabolic processes. Cultures derived from subsurface soil (3.5 m) could sustain complete dechlorination of CF at levels of least 360 µM at a rate of 40 µM per day.(More)
Bacteria that produce inhibitory compounds on the surface of marine algae are thought to contribute to the defense of the host plant against colonization of fouling organisms. However, the number of bacterial cells necessary to defend against fouling on the plant surface is not known. Pseudoalteromonas tunicata and Phaeobacter sp. strain 2.10 (formerly(More)
AIMS We assessed the use of the endothelial progenitor cell (EPC) capture stent in primary percutaneous intervention in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). METHODS AND RESULTS One hundred and twenty patients with acute STEMI without cardiogenic shock received 129 EPC capture stents. Procedural success was achieved in 95% of patients. Dual(More)
OBJECTIVES We sought to characterize natriuretic peptide levels in a cohort of rigorously characterized subjects with lone atrial fibrillation (AF). BACKGROUND Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) are sensitive biomarkers of cardiac contractile dysfunction. Both peptides have been reported to be elevated in cohorts with AF,(More)
BACKGROUND We investigated the prevalence and predictors of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in patients admitted to the hospital for acute myocardial infarction and whether OSA has any association with microvascular perfusion after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS Recruited patients were scheduled to undergo an overnight sleep study(More)
AIMS Current heart failure (HF) guidelines highlight the importance of iron deficiency (ID) in HF. Whether HF itself or age-related comorbidities contribute to ID is uncertain, and previous data were limited to Western populations. We aimed to study the prevalence, clinical correlates, functional significance and prognosis of ID in HF patients, compared(More)
An inflammatory cause of atrial fibrillation (AF) has been proposed on the basis of the presence of lymphocytic infiltrates in the biopsy results of patients with lone AF, alterations of C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin-6 levels in subjects with AF, and the time course of postoperative AF. Many previous studies exploring inflammatory factors in AF(More)
UNLABELLED AIM, MATERIALS & METHODS: We investigated the functional significance of CYP2C19*2, *3, *17 and PON1 Q192R SNPs in 89 consecutive Asian patients on clopidogrel treatment and the prevalence of functionally significant polymorphisms among 300 Chinese, Malays and Asian Indians. RESULTS Both CYP2C19 loss-of-function alleles (*2 or *3) were(More)
AIMS Growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF15), ST2, high-sensitivity troponin T (hsTnT), and N-terminal pro brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) are biomarkers of distinct mechanisms that may contribute to the pathophysiology of heart failure (HF) [inflammation (GDF15); ventricular remodelling (ST2); myonecrosis (hsTnT); and wall stress (NT-proBNP)]. (More)