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Throughout physics, stable composite objects are usually formed by way of attractive forces, which allow the constituents to lower their energy by binding together. Repulsive forces separate particles in free space. However, in a structured environment such as a periodic potential and in the absence of dissipation, stable composite objects can exist even(More)
We review the basic physics of repulsively bound atom pairs in an optical lattice, which were recently observed in the laboratory [1], including the theory and the experimental implementation. We also briefly discuss related many-body numerical simulations, in which time-dependent Density Matrix Renormalisation Group (DMRG) methods are used to model the(More)
We present a new set of applications available in the ALPS package that implement ground state and time evolution algorithms for low-dimensional quantum systems based on the matrix product states (MPS) ansatz. These new codes allow simulation of arbitrary one-dimensional (1d) and two-dimensional (2d) models and achieve performance competitive with the best(More)
We discuss atomic lattice excitons (ALEs), bound particle-hole pairs formed by fermionic atoms in two bands of an optical lattice. Such a system provides a clean setup to study fundamental properties of excitons, ranging from condensation to exciton crystals (which appear for a large effective mass ratio between particles and holes). Using both mean-field(More)
We investigate theoretically the low-temperature physics of a two-component ultracold mixture of bosons and fermions in disordered optical lattices. We focus on the strongly correlated regime. We show that, under specific conditions, composite fermions, made of one fermion plus one bosonic hole, form. The composite picture is used to derive an effective(More)
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