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BACKGROUND Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy is the inhalation of 100% oxygen at a pressure of at least 1.5 atmospheres absolute (150 kPa). It uses oxygen as a drug by dissolving it in the plasma and delivering it to the tissues independent of hemoglobin. For a variety of organ systems, HBO is known to promote new vessel growth into areas with reduced oxygen(More)
BACKGROUND Cognitive performance often is impaired permanently in long-term brain tumor survivors after neurosurgery and radiotherapy. Hyperbaric oxygen treatment (HBOT) stimulates neovascularization of hypoperfused tissue and may result in improved functionality of damaged tissue. In this pilot study, clinical neurophysiologic tests were used to assess the(More)
The high risk group of patients with neuroblastoma are children over 1 year with stage IV disease. Most series report a maximum of 20% survival at 5 years. For recurrent neuroblastoma stage IV, cure rates are not reported in the literature, but they are nil. Any treatment for recurrent neuroblastoma stage IV remains a therapeutic dilemma. The outcome of(More)
BACKGROUND Temporary vascular inflow occlusion of the liver (clamping of the hepatic pedicle) can prevent massive blood loss during liver resections. In this study, intrahepatic tissue pO2 was assessed as parameter of microcirculatory disturbances induced by ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) in the liver following continuous (Cnt) or intermittent (Int)(More)
PURPOSE Hypoxic tumor cells are an important factor of radioresistance. Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) and normobaric carbogen (95% oxygen, 5% carbon dioxide) increase the oxygen delivery to tumors. This study was performed to explore changes of tumor oxygenation during a course of fractionated irradiation and to determine the effectiveness of normobaric carbogen(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine a critical skeletal muscle oxygen tension (PO2) value below which a tissue oxygen debt develops. DESIGN Descriptive study of oxygen transport values in relation to skeletal muscle PO2 throughout progressive ischemia by means of arterial blood flow reductions in an isolated hindlimb model in the pig. SETTING Surgical Research(More)
Normal tissue injury may lead to severe, life threatening, late side effects after therapeutic use of irradiation. Neurological complications caused by radiation of the spinal cord are ascribed to progressive, irreversible damage to the vasculature. Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) is known to induce angiogenesis in irradiated tissue and has been proven to reduce(More)
The objective of the present study was to investigate the radiosensitizing effect of carbogen breathing during pulsed x-ray irradiation in an experimental tumor model. Rat R1H rhabdomyosarcoma tumors were irradiated with 36 Gy total dose in 1 Gy high dose rate pulses, either hourly repeated, or in an 'office hours' protocol with irradiation-free overnight(More)