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Morphine and other potent opioids are frequently used in palliative care and pain management. When sustained-release (SR) opioids do not provide adequate background analgesia, additional immediate-release (IR) opioid (e.g. short-acting morphine) may be required to alleviate breakthrough or episodic pain. Despite the frequent use of IR morphine on top of SR(More)
We aimed to develop ideas on continuity of cancer care. In-depth qualitative interviews were conducted with 28 people. Seven had cancer. Each person with cancer nominated a close person and a primary and secondary health care professional. We examined from four perspectives: experiences of the initial diagnosis; subsequent treatment; views on continuity of(More)
Patients with advanced dementia often receive poor end-of-life care. We aimed to design and pilot a palliative care and advance care plan (ACP) intervention. Patients had undergone emergency hospital admission and had severe dementia. The intervention consisted of a palliative care patient assessment which informed an ACP discussion with the carer, who was(More)
A prospective validation study was conducted in 171 consenting patients from oncology and palliative care outpatient clinics to validate the Distress Thermometer (DT) against the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), General Health Questionnaire-12 (GHQ-12) and Brief Symptom Inventory-18 (BSI-18) at baseline, four weeks and eight weeks. Receiver(More)
Ketamine has been used parenterally for pain unresponsive to opioids, including neuropathic pain, and has also been used as an alternative analgesic agent after surgery. Although oral administration of ketamine has been used for some time as a single dose, it has not been given by this route on a regular basis. The use of ketamine administered orally is(More)
BACKGROUND Higher levels of religious involvement are modestly associated with better health, after taking account of other influences, such as age, sex and social support. However, little account is taken of spiritual beliefs that are not tied to personal or public religious practice. Our objective was to develop a standardized measure of spirituality for(More)
BACKGROUND As terminal disease progresses, health deteriorates and the end of life approaches, people may ask "Why this illness? Why me? Why now?" Such questions may invoke, rekindle or intensify spiritual or religious concerns. Although the processes by which these associations occur are poorly understood, there is some research evidence for associations(More)
OBJECTIVE Advance care planning (ACP) provides patients with an opportunity to consider, discuss, and plan their future care with health professionals. Numerous policy documents recommend that ACP should be available to all with life-limiting illness. METHOD Forty patients with recurrent progressive cancer completed one or more ACP discussions with a(More)
Background: Patients with advanced cancer frequently experience functional impairment and reduced quality of life. Therapeutic exercise can provide benefit and be made accessible through the use of tailored programmes. Most studies examining exercise programmes for people with advanced cancer have used quantitative outcome measures and focussed on objective(More)
The second edition of the Oxford Textbook of Palliative Medicine is a very good book, better than the first edition, being far more organized and consistent in its style. There is a wealth of information in its 1300 pages demonstrating the diverse nature of the skills needed in palliative care, however, some of the chapters need a degree of expertise to(More)