Adrian I. Nachman

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An inverse scattering method that uses eigenfunctions of the scattering operator is presented. This approach provides a unified framework that encompasses eigenfunction methods of focusing and quantitative image reconstruction in arbitrary media. Scattered acoustic fields are described using a compact, normal operator. The eigenfunctions of this operator(More)
Large-scale simulation of ultrasonic pulse propagation in inhomogeneous tissue is important for the study of ultrasound-tissue interaction as well as for development of new imaging methods. Typical scales of interest span hundreds of wavelengths; most current two-dimensional methods, such as finite-difference and finite-element methods, are unable to(More)
Current density impedance imaging (CDII) is a new impedance imaging technique that can noninvasively measure the conductivity distribution inside a medium. It utilizes current density vector measurements which can be made using a magnetic resonance imager (MRI) (Scott , 1991). CDII is based on a simple mathematical expression for inverted Delta sigma /(More)
Gel Phantom with conical plug removed. The dug out sphere is larger than the dark opening seen in the photo.. Middle: MRI magnitude image. Right: |∇ln(σ)| [in mm-1 ] for the region outlined in the middle image. Abstract: We have developed a new approach (CDII) to Impedance Imaging using MRI. We use the MR imager to obtain two Current Density images [1]. We(More)
Radio-frequency current density imaging (RF-CDI) is an imaging technique that noninvasively measures current density distribution at the Larmor frequency utilizing magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Previously implemented RF-CDI techniques were only able to image a single slice transverse to the static magnetic field B(0) . This paper describes the first(More)
Radio frequency current density imaging (RF-CDI) is an imaging technique that measures current density distribution at the Larmor frequency utilizing magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The multi-slice RF-CDI sequence has extended the ability of RF-CDI to image multiple slices and thus has enhanced its capacity for biomedical applications. In this paper, the(More)
We present a quantitative validation study to assess the accuracy of low-frequency conductivity imaging methods, based on a testing current measured using Current Density Imaging (CDI). We tested the proposed procedure to study the influence of tissue anisotropy on the accuracy of conductivity reconstruction methods, using a finite element model of(More)
OBJECTIVE Extraction of information from the peripheral nervous system can provide control signals in neuroprosthetic applications. However, the ability to selectively record from different pathways within peripheral nerves is limited. We investigated the integration of spatial and temporal information for pathway discrimination in peripheral nerves using(More)
This paper presents the first experiment of imaging anisotropic impedance using a novel technique called Diffusion Tensor Current Density Impedance Imaging (DTCD-II). A biological anisotropic tissue phantom was constructed and an experimental implementation of the new method was performed. The results show that DT-CD-II is an effective way of non-invasively(More)
Polar Decomposition Radio-frequency Current Density Imaging (PD-RFCDI) is an imaging technique that non-invasively measures RF current density components inside a sample using MRI. Previous PD-RFCDI implementations suffer from the strict constraint on the amount of applied current as well as severe interference from the unwanted induced current. This work(More)