Adrian I. Nachman

Learn More
Large-scale simulation of ultrasonic pulse propagation in inhomogeneous tissue is important for the study of ultrasound-tissue interaction as well as for development of new imaging methods. Typical scales of interest span hundreds of wavelengths; most current two-dimensional methods, such as finite-difference and finite-element methods, are unable to(More)
An inverse scattering method that uses eigenfunctions of the scattering operator is presented. This approach provides a unified framework that encompasses eigenfunction methods of focusing and quantitative image reconstruction in arbitrary media. Scattered acoustic fields are described using a compact, normal operator. The eigenfunctions of this operator(More)
Current density impedance imaging (CDII) is a new impedance imaging technique that can noninvasively measure the conductivity distribution inside a medium. It utilizes current density vector measurements which can be made using a magnetic resonance imager (MRI) (Scott , 1991). CDII is based on a simple mathematical expression for inverted Delta sigma /(More)
This paper presents the first experiment of imaging anisotropic impedance using a novel technique called Diffusion Tensor Current Density Impedance Imaging (DTCD-II). A biological anisotropic tissue phantom was constructed and an experimental implementation of the new method was performed. The results show that DT-CD-II is an effective way of non-invasively(More)
Radio-frequency current density imaging (RF-CDI) is an imaging technique that noninvasively measures current density distribution at the Larmor frequency utilizing magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Previously implemented RF-CDI techniques were only able to image a single slice transverse to the static magnetic field B(0) . This paper describes the first(More)
Current density and electrical conductivity imaging research at the University of Toronto is reviewed. Methods for imaging live animals at low frequency are described and contrasted with EIT and other MRI based techniques. New work on imaging at radio frequencies is presented and future work directions are discussed. It is concluded that low frequency(More)
Radio-frequency current density imaging (RF-CDI) is a technique that noninvasively measures current density distributions at the Larmor frequency utilizing magnetic resonance imaging. Previously implemented RF-CDI methods reconstruct the applied current density component J(z) along the static magnetic field of the imager [(B)\vec](0) (the z direction) based(More)
Current density impedance imaging (CDII) is a new impedance imaging technique that utilizes current density vector measurements made using magnetic resonance imager (MRI). CDII provides a simple mathematical expression for the gradient of the logarithm of conductivity, nablaln(sigma), at each point in a region where two current density vector has been(More)
Polar Decomposition Radio-frequency Current Density Imaging (PD-RFCDI) is an imaging technique that non-invasively measures RF current density components inside a sample using MRI. Previous PD-RFCDI implementations suffer from the strict constraint on the amount of applied current as well as severe interference from the unwanted induced current. This work(More)
Current density imaging (CDI) is an MRI technique used to quantitatively measure current density vectors in biological tissue. A fast CDI sequence was developed that can image the whole body of a 4 kg pig in about 15 minutes. A state of ventricular fibrillation (VF) can be sustained for nearly 30 minutes allowing two complete CDI scans of the same subject.(More)