Adrian Glasser

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The biometric, optical and physical properties of 19 pairs of isolated human eye-bank lenses ranging in age from 5 to 96 years were compared. Lens focal length and spherical aberration were measured using a scanning laser apparatus, lens thickness and the lens surface curvatures were measured by digitizing the lens profiles and equivalent refractive indices(More)
Dynamics of accommodation (far-to-near focus) and disaccommodation (near-to-far focus) are described as a function of response amplitude. Accommodative responses to step stimuli of various amplitudes presented in real space were measured in eight 20-30 year old subjects. Responses were fitted with exponential functions to determine amplitude, time constant(More)
In this study we report on the effects of constant light (CL) on the refractive development and ocular morphology of White Leghorn chicks (Cornell K-strain). Refractive state and corneal curvature were measured by IR photoretinoscopy and IR keratometry respectively. The axial lengths of the ocular components were measured by A-scan ultrasonography. We find(More)
Lenses from 27 human eyes ranging in age from 10 to 87 years were used to determine how accommodation and age affect the optical properties of the lens. A scanning laser technique was used to measure focal length and spherical aberration of the lenses, while the lenses were subjected to stretching forces applied through the ciliary body/zonular complex. The(More)
Accommodation, the mechanism by which the eye focuses on near objects, is lost with increasing age in humans and monkeys. This pathophysiology, called presbyopia, is poorly understood. We studied aging-related changes in the dynamics of accommodation in rhesus monkeys aged 4-24 yr after total iridectomy and midbrain implantation of an electrode to permit(More)
Accommodation is a dioptric change in power of the eye that occurs to allow near objects to be focused on the retina. The ability to accommodate is lost with increasing age in humans and monkeys. This phenomenon, called presbyopia, is the most common human ocular affliction, and its pathophysiology remains uncertain. The progressive loss of human(More)
Static and dynamic aspects of the near pupil response were studied in human subjects in the age range when accommodative amplitude steadily declines. Dynamic accommodative and pupillary responses to step stimuli were recorded in 66 subjects (ages: 14-45 years). Exponential fits to data provided amplitude, peak velocity and time constants. Accommodative(More)
The dynamics of Edinger-Westphal (EW) stimulated accommodation were studied in two young rhesus monkeys to understand the relationships between accommodative amplitude and rates of accommodation and disaccommodation. Accommodative responses were recorded with infrared photorefraction at five different amplitudes spanning the full EW stimulated accommodative(More)
Several laboratories studying visual deprivation myopia in the domestic chick report varying degrees of axial elongation and myopia induced by similar visual deprivation techniques. In this study we tested the hypothesis that in different strains of chick the eyes respond differently to visual deprivation. We compared under identical conditions two strains(More)