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The principles of shared decision making are well documented but there is a lack of guidance about how to accomplish the approach in routine clinical practice. Our aim here is to translate existing conceptual descriptions into a three-step model that is practical, easy to remember, and can act as a guide to skill development. Achieving shared decision(More)
BACKGROUND Important barriers to the wider implementation of shared decision making (SDM) and risk communication in practice remain. The attitudes of professionals undergoing training in these approaches may inform how to overcome these barriers, but there are few such data yet available. AIM To identify the attitudes of professionals during participation(More)
BACKGROUND To enable primary care medical practitioners to generate a range of possible service delivery models for genetic counselling services and critically assess their suitability. METHODS Modified nominal group technique using in primary care professional development workshops. RESULTS 37 general practitioners in Wales, United Kingdom too part in(More)
BACKGROUND Field-testing is a quality assurance criterion in the development of patient decision-support technologies (PDSTs), as identified in the consensus statement of the International Patient Decision Aids Standards Collaboration. We incorporated field-testing into the development of a Web-based, prostate-specific antigen PDST called Prosdex, which was(More)
BACKGROUND A systematic review has shown that no measures of the extent to which healthcare professionals involve patients in decisions within clinical consultations exist, despite the increasing interest in the benefits or otherwise of patient participation in these decisions. AIMS To describe the development of a new instrument designed to assess the(More)
OBJECTIVES To describe the development, validation and inter-rater reliability of an instrument to measure the quality of patient decision support technologies (decision aids). DESIGN Scale development study, involving construct, item and scale development, validation and reliability testing. SETTING There has been increasing use of decision support(More)
BACKGROUND Two decades of research has established the positive effect of using patient-targeted decision support interventions: patients gain knowledge, greater understanding of probabilities and increased confidence in decisions. Yet, despite their efficacy, the effectiveness of these decision support interventions in routine practice has yet to be(More)
BACKGROUND Patients often do not get the information they require from doctors and nurses. To address this problem, interventions directed at patients to help them gather information in their healthcare consultations have been proposed and tested. OBJECTIVES To assess the effects on patients, clinicians and the healthcare system of interventions which are(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the effect of training primary care health professionals in behaviour change counselling on the proportion of patients self reporting change in four risk behaviours (smoking, alcohol use, exercise, and healthy eating). DESIGN Cluster randomised trial with general practices as the unit of randomisation. SETTING General practices in(More)
BACKGROUND Making evidence-based decisions often requires comparison of two or more options. Research-based evidence may exist which quantifies how likely the outcomes are for each option. Understanding these numeric estimates improves patients' risk perception and leads to better informed decision making. This paper summarises current "best practices" in(More)