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The innate immune system of mammals provides a rapid response to repel assaults from numerous infectious agents including bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites. A major component of this system is a diverse combination of cationic antimicrobial peptides that include the alpha- and beta-defensins and cathelicidins. In this study, we show that(More)
The CCAAT/enhancer binding proteins (C/EBPs) are transcription factors involved in hematopoietic cell development and induction of several inflammatory mediators. Here, we generated C/EBPβ and C/EBPε double-knockout (bbee) mice and compared their phenotypes to those of single deficient (bbEE and BBee) and wild-type (BBEE) mice. The bbee mice were highly(More)
Transcription of the cathelicidin antimicrobial peptide (CAMP) gene is induced by binding of the bioactive form of vitamin D, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D, to the vitamin D receptor. Significant levels of the protein hCAP18/LL-37 are found in the blood and may protect against infection and/or sepsis. We hypothesized that serum vitamin D levels may modulate the(More)
Alpha-1-acid glycoprotein (AGP) is an acute-phase protein produced by hepatocytes and secreted into plasma in response to infection/injury. We recently assessed the transcriptional program of terminal granulocytic differentiation by microarray analysis of bone marrow (BM) populations highly enriched in promyelocytes, myelocytes/metamyelocytes (MYs), and BM(More)
Production of the human cathelicidin antimicrobial peptide gene (hCAP18/LL-37), is regulated by 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25D3) and is critical in the killing of pathogens by innate immune cells. In addition, secreted LL-37 binds extracellular receptors and modulates the recruitment and activity of both innate and adaptive immune cells. Evidence suggests(More)
Id proteins are helix-loop-helix (HLH) transcriptional factors that lack the basic DNA binding domain. The Id proteins have been reported generally to function as inhibitors of cell differentiation, and their gene expression is often downregulated during cell differentiation. We examined the expression of human Id mRNAs by Northern hybridization in 11 human(More)
BACKGROUND About 45% of the human genome is comprised of mobile transposable elements or "junk DNA". The exaptation or co-option of these elements to provide important cellular functions is hypothesized to have played a powerful force in evolution; however, proven examples are rare. An ancient primate-specific Alu short interspersed element (SINE) put the(More)
There have been few studies of whether vitamin D insufficiency is linked with depression in healthy young women despite women׳s high rates of both problems. Female undergraduates (n=185) living in the Pacific Northwest during fall, winter, and spring academic terms completed the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) scale weekly for 4 weeks(More)
  • Adrian F Koeffler, Scott H Gombart, Karen L Kwok, Yuji Anderson, Bruce E Yamaguchi, H Torbett +9 others
  • 2002
and PU.1 ε expression by transcription factors C/EBP Regulation of neutrophil and eosinophil secondary granule gene (973 articles) Phagocytes (3094 articles) Hematopoiesis and Stem Cells (1086 articles) Gene Expression Articles on similar topics can be found in the following Blood collections Information about subscriptions and ASH membership may be found(More)
Neutrophil-specific granule deficiency involves inheritance of germline mutations in the CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein epsilon (C/EBPE) gene. Humans and mice lacking active C/EBPepsilon suffer frequent bacterial infections as a result of functionally defective neutrophils and macrophages. We hypothesized that these defects reflected dysregulation of(More)