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Transferrin receptor (TfR) plays a major role in cellular iron uptake through binding and internalizing a carrier protein transferrin (Tf). We have cloned, sequenced, and mapped a human gene homologous to TfR, termed TfR2. Two transcripts were expressed from this gene: alpha (approximately 2.9 kilobase pairs), and beta (approximately 2.5 kilobase pairs).(More)
The innate immune system of mammals provides a rapid response to repel assaults from numerous infectious agents including bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites. A major component of this system is a diverse combination of cationic antimicrobial peptides that include the alpha- and beta-defensins and cathelicidins. In this study, we show that(More)
The CCAAT/enhancer binding protein alpha (C/EBPalpha) protein is essential for proper lung and liver function and granulocytic and adipose tissue differentation. It was hypothesized that abnormalties in C/EBPalpha function contribute to the development of malignancies in a variety of tissues. To test this, genomic DNA from 408 patient samples and 5 cell(More)
The CCAAT/enhancer binding proteins (C/EBPs) are transcription factors involved in hematopoietic cell development and induction of several inflammatory mediators. Here, we generated C/EBPβ and C/EBPε double-knockout (bbee) mice and compared their phenotypes to those of single deficient (bbEE and BBee) and wild-type (BBEE) mice. The bbee mice were highly(More)
Neutrophil-specific granule deficiency (SGD) is a rare congenital disorder. The neutrophils of individuals with SGD display atypical bi-lobed nuclei, lack expression of all secondary and tertiary granule proteins, and possess defects in chemotaxis, disaggregation, receptor up-regulation, and bactericidal activity, resulting in frequent and severe bacterial(More)
There have been few studies of whether vitamin D insufficiency is linked with depression in healthy young women despite women׳s high rates of both problems. Female undergraduates (n=185) living in the Pacific Northwest during fall, winter, and spring academic terms completed the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) scale weekly for 4 weeks(More)
Vitamin D deficiency has been correlated with increased rates of infection. Since the early 19th century, both environmental (i.e., sunlight) and dietary sources (cod liver) of vitamin D have been identified as treatments for TB. The recent discovery that vitamin D induces antimicrobial peptide gene expression explains, in part, the 'antibiotic' effect of(More)
Id proteins are helix-loop-helix (HLH) transcriptional factors that lack the basic DNA binding domain. The Id proteins have been reported generally to function as inhibitors of cell differentiation, and their gene expression is often downregulated during cell differentiation. We examined the expression of human Id mRNAs by Northern hybridization in 11 human(More)
Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL) is associated with human T-lymphotropic virus type-1 (HTLV-1). To understand the changes in expression that occur in the progression of chronic phase of ATL to acute crisis, the gene expression profiles of fresh ATL cells were compared in 4 pairs of samples (progression of chronic to acute phase in 3 patients, as well as(More)
Transcription factors known as CCAAT enhancer binding proteins (C/EBPs) are involved in hematopoietic differentiation, including myelopoiesis and granulopoiesis. C/EBPbeta-deficient mice develop normally; however, they exhibit defective macrophage function, resulting in increased susceptibility to infection. Little is known about the role of C/EBPbeta in(More)