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Transferrin receptor (TfR) plays a major role in cellular iron uptake through binding and internalizing a carrier protein transferrin (Tf). We have cloned, sequenced, and mapped a human gene homologous to TfR, termed TfR2. Two transcripts were expressed from this gene: alpha (approximately 2.9 kilobase pairs), and beta (approximately 2.5 kilobase pairs).(More)
The innate immune system of mammals provides a rapid response to repel assaults from numerous infectious agents including bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites. A major component of this system is a diverse combination of cationic antimicrobial peptides that include the alpha- and beta-defensins and cathelicidins. In this study, we show that(More)
The CCAAT/enhancer binding proteins (C/EBPs) are transcription factors involved in hematopoietic cell development and induction of several inflammatory mediators. Here, we generated C/EBPβ and C/EBPε double-knockout (bbee) mice and compared their phenotypes to those of single deficient (bbEE and BBee) and wild-type (BBEE) mice. The bbee mice were highly(More)
Haptoglobin (Hp) is a plasma protein synthesized primarily by hepatocytes. It exerts a broad range of anti-inflammatory activities and acts indirectly as a bacteriostatic agent and an antioxidant by virtue of its ability to bind free hemoglobin (Hb) and to facilitate its immediate clearance by macrophages. We identified Hp as a novel specific granule(More)
There have been few studies of whether vitamin D insufficiency is linked with depression in healthy young women despite women׳s high rates of both problems. Female undergraduates (n=185) living in the Pacific Northwest during fall, winter, and spring academic terms completed the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) scale weekly for 4 weeks(More)
The CCAAT/enhancer binding protein alpha (C/EBPalpha) protein is essential for proper lung and liver function and granulocytic and adipose tissue differentation. It was hypothesized that abnormalties in C/EBPalpha function contribute to the development of malignancies in a variety of tissues. To test this, genomic DNA from 408 patient samples and 5 cell(More)
CCAAT/enhancer-binding proteins (C/EBPs) are a family of transcription factors that regulate cell growth and differentiation in numerous cell types. To identify novel C/EBP-target genes, we performed transcriptional profiling using inducible NIH 3T3 cell lines expressing 1 of 4 members of the C/EBP family. Functional analysis revealed a previously unknown(More)
The protein p27KIP1 belongs to a recently identified family of proteins termed cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors (CDKIs). These proteins play an important role in regulating cell-cycle progression and loss of their function has been implicated in tumorigenesis. Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) may induce cell growth arrest through p27 activation.(More)
Neutrophil-specific granule deficiency (SGD) is a rare congenital disorder. The neutrophils of individuals with SGD display atypical bi-lobed nuclei, lack expression of all secondary and tertiary granule proteins, and possess defects in chemotaxis, disaggregation, receptor up-regulation, and bactericidal activity, resulting in frequent and severe bacterial(More)
Alpha-1-acid glycoprotein (AGP) is an acute-phase protein produced by hepatocytes and secreted into plasma in response to infection/injury. We recently assessed the transcriptional program of terminal granulocytic differentiation by microarray analysis of bone marrow (BM) populations highly enriched in promyelocytes, myelocytes/metamyelocytes (MYs), and BM(More)