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The metals iron (Fe) and manganese (Mn) are essential for normal functioning of the brain. This review focuses on recent developments in the literature pertaining to Fe and Mn transport. These metals are treated together because they appear to share several transport mechanisms. In addition, several neurological diseases such as Alzheimer's Disease,(More)
Hypotransferrinemia (hpx/hpx) is a genetic defect in mice resulting in <1% of normal plasma transferrin (Tf) concentrations; heterozygotes for this mutation (+/hpx) have low circulating Tf concentrations. These mice provide a unique opportunity to examine the role of Tf in Fe and Mn transport in the brain. Twenty weanling wild-type BALB/cJ mice, 15 +/hpx(More)
Transferrin (Tf) is accepted as the iron mobilization protein, but its role in transport of other metals is controversial. In this study, we used mixed glial cultures from hypotransferrinemic (Hp) mice to determine the dependence of these cells on transferrin for iron and manganese delivery and release. Hp mice have a splicing defect in the transferrin (Tf)(More)
Hyperintense symmetric pallidal lesions have been described in chronic hepatic failure. Similar lesions are reported in experimental models of manganese neurotoxicity. We describe an 8-year-old girl with chronic hepatic failure and dystonia in association with an elevated whole blood manganese level and symmetric hyperintense pallidal lesions on magnetic(More)
The hyperintense signal in the globus pallidus of cirrhotic patients on T1-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) imaging has been postulated to arise from deposition of paramagnetic manganese2+ (Mn). Intestinal absorption of both iron and Mn are increased in iron deficiency; iron deficiency may therefore increase susceptibility to Mn neurotoxicity. To(More)
On binding of antibody to antigen an immune complex is formed that has a net surface charge different from that of either of the two components. This, together with clonal restriction of the antibody response, gives rise to distinctive patterns that are readily apparent in stained agarose gels after routine zone electrophoresis. Most circulating immune(More)
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