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After injury, wound healing is essential for recovery of the integrity of the body. It is a complex, sequential cascade of events. Nitric oxide (NO) is a small radical, formed from the amino acid L-arginine by three distinct isoforms of nitric oxide synthase. The inducible isoform (iNOS) is synthesized in the early phase of wound healing by inflammatory(More)
Arginine has been shown to enhance wound healing and T-cell-mediated immune function in rodents. In this study the effect of oral arginine supplementation on human collagen synthesis and T-cell function was studied in 36 healthy, nonsmoking human volunteers. While volunteers were under local anesthesia, a 5 cm segment of expanded polytetrafluoroethylene(More)
Wound healing is a complex process involving different biologic and immunologic systems. Despite improvements in diagnostics and therapy, wound failures remain a clinical problem. The approach to a nonhealed wound is an interdisciplinary challenge that should not be underestimated. Better understanding of the complex wound-healing cascade helps our approach(More)
Healing in the GI tract is rapid when free of complications: Unlike cutaneous healing, in which progress can be observed on a daily basis and intervention instituted early if necessary, healing of the intestinal anastomosis is anatomically obscured from inspection, allowing the surgeon only the patient's parameters of general well-being to judge the success(More)
Recently there has been much interest in the use of arginine to stimulate immune responses and to promote wound healing. In the present study, the effect of an oral supplementation with arginine on the metabolism of 45 healthy, nonsmoking, elderly volunteers was investigated. Subjects were divided into two groups that received either arginine aspartate (17(More)
BACKGROUND Intra-abdominal infection is generally considered a contraindication to primary colon anastomosis. In order to elucidate the mechanisms by which sepsis affects colonic healing, we studied anastomotic new collagen and protein synthesis and collagen gene expression in a relevant animal model. METHODS Forty male Sprague-Dawley rats (240 to 260 g)(More)