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The annotated genomes of organisms define a 'blueprint' of their possible gene products. Post-genome analyses attempt to confirm and modify the annotation and impose a sense of the spatial, temporal and developmental usage of genetic information by the organism. Here we describe a large-scale, high-accuracy (average deviation less than 0.02 Da at 1,000 Da)(More)
Pfs48/45, a member of a Plasmodium-specific protein family, displays conformation-dependent epitopes and is an important target for malaria transmission-blocking (TB) immunity. To design a recombinant Pfs48/45-based TB vaccine, we analyzed the conformational TB epitopes of Pfs48/45. The Pfs48/45 protein was found to consist of a C-terminal six-cysteine(More)
In the Colorado potato beetle (Leptinotarsa decemlineata), low juvenile hormone (JH) titers are necessary to initiate metamorphosis and diapause. Low JH titers coincide with high activities of JH esterase, which occur mainly in the hemolymph. The specific activity of JH esterase appeared to be highest in the last larval instar, at day 3 after the molt, and(More)
In the Colorado potato beetle, Leptinotarsa decemlineata, reproduction and diapause are mediated by the juvenile hormone (JH) titer in the hemolymph. This titer is controlled by JH synthesis in the corpora allata and by JH degradation. The main pathway of JH degradation is by JH esterase in the hemolymph. The native JH esterase appeared to be a dimer(More)
Plasmodium falciparum sporozoites that develop and mature inside an Anopheles mosquito initiate a malaria infection in humans. Here we report the first proteomic comparison of different parasite stages from the mosquito -- early and late oocysts containing midgut sporozoites, and the mature, infectious salivary gland sporozoites. Despite the morphological(More)
A novel concept applying baculovirus-mediated gene silencing to study insect gene function and regulation is described in this paper. A recombinant baculovirus, Autographa californica multicapsid nucleopolyhedrovirus (AcMNPV), was constructed with the juvenile hormone esterase (JHE) gene from the tobacco budworm Heliothis virescens in the antisense(More)
Juvenile hormone esterase (JHE) activity in the haemolymph of the Colorado potato beetle is necessary to initiate pupation in larvae as well as diapause in adults. The enzyme appears in the haemolymph as a dimer consisting of two 57 kDa subunits. The sequence of an encoding cDNA, JHE.A, is distinct from lepidopteran JHEs. In this study, RT-PCR using primers(More)
A cDNA fragment of haemolymph juvenile hormone binding protein (hJHBP) from larvae of Bombyx mori was amplified by RT-PCR using degenerate primers based on the N-terminal amino acid sequence of purified hJHBP and a conserved region near the C-terminus of other lepidopteran hJHBPs. 5'- and 3'-ends were amplified by RACE to yield cDNAs, hJHBP1 and hJHBP2,(More)
Pepino mosaic virus (PepMV) has recently emerged as a highly infectious viral pathogen in tomato crops. Greenhouse trials were conducted under conditions similar to commercial tomato production. These trials examined whether tomato plants can be protected against PepMV by a preceding infection with an attenuated isolate of this virus. Two potential(More)
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